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INT. BODYBUILDING AND FITNESS ORGANIZATIONS
WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
1988. FIRST OFFICIAL U.S.S.R. BODYBUILDING CUP.
BACKGROUND.
We started working on the second part of the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ („Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija“, «Энциклопедия мирового культуризма»). The book will cover the time since 1973 until 1991. In 1973 the bodybuilding sport was prohibited and prosecuted in the Socialist Countries. In 1991 the Socialist System was ruined.
Looking from the point of view of the Communist regime about twenty years bodybuilding was on illegal position in the Socialist Countries. Being afraid many organizers and bodybuilders stopped the activities. Only two regular traditional contests were organized in the U.S.S.R.. That were the „Georg Tenno Memorial („Georgo tenno Memorialas“, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, 1971 - 1989) and the „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, 1968 - 2022). The organizer of the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002) and the organizer of the organizer of the „Amber Prix“ was DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS. All other Socialist Countries did not organize the traditional International competitions. Later during the „MIKHAIL GORBACHOV Perestrojka“ (Перестройка) the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) recognized the „Amber Prix International“ as the unofficial U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championship. Then the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport started presenting to the Champions of the „Amber Prix International“ the honourable titles of the „U.S.S.R. Sport Master“Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р.).
To set the official U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation in 1987 the U.S.S.R. Congress of bodybuilders was organized in Kubenka city (near Moscow, Russian Federation). To the position of the President was ellected an Olympic Weightlifting Champion JURIJ VLASOV (Олимпийский чемпион Юрий Власов).
In 1988 in Leningrad (Russian Federation) the first official „U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup“ Кубок С.С.С.Р. по культуризму») was held. The contest was recognized by the U.S.S.R. Government. National teams on many Socialist Countries participated at the event.
1988. U.S.S.R. FIRST OFFICIAL BODYBUILDING CUP.
The contest was held in the prestigeaus Leningrad City Palace „Oktiabrskij (дворец „Октябрьский», Ленинград). The delegates and the athletes lived in the superious hotels. The Champions of the first supported by the Government USSR Bodybuilding Cup pirmenybių («Кубок С.С.С.Р. по культуризму») were the known bodybuilders:
STANISLAV POLIAKOV (Станислав Поляков, Riga, Latvian SSR; trained by FELIKS SAJKOVSKIJ – Феликс Сайковский)
VALERIJ BOGDANOVIC (Валерий Богданович, Minsk, Belorussian SSR; prepared without a trainer)
SAULIUS MISEVICIUS (Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR, prepared without a trainer)
VIKTORAS JUCYS (Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR; trained by DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS).
The Over All Champion of the 1988 U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup was VIKTORAS JUCYS.
(Article will be continued) 
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 55 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is diferent. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk to everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the diferent point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremelly important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonina SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. Peter Stach from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix Intarnational“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас).
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to them our sport looks as it looks now.
(the Article will be continued)
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
1988. FIRST OFFICIAL U.S.S.R. BODYBUILDING CUP.
BACKGROUND.
We started working on the second part of the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ („Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija“, «Энциклопедия мирового культуризма»). The book will cover the time since 1973 until 1991. In 1973 the bodybuilding sport was prohibited and prosecuted in the Socialist Countries. In 1991 the Socialist System was ruined.
Looking from the point of view of the Communist regime about twenty years bodybuilding was on illegal position in the Socialist Countries. Being afraid many organizers and bodybuilders stopped the activities. Only two regular traditional contests were organized in the U.S.S.R.. That were the „Georg Tenno Memorial („Georgo tenno Memorialas“, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, 1971 - 1989) and the „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, 1968 - 2022). The organizer of the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002) and the organizer of the organizer of the „Amber Prix“ was DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS. All other Socialist Countries did not organize the traditional International competitions. Later during the „MIKHAIL GORBACHOV Perestrojka“ (Перестройка) the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) recognized the „Amber Prix International“ as the unofficial U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championship. Then the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport started presenting to the Champions of the „Amber Prix International“ the honourable titles of the „U.S.S.R. Sport Master“Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р.).
To set the official U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation in 1987 the U.S.S.R. Congress of bodybuilders was organized in Kubenka city (near Moscow, Russian Federation). To the position of the President was ellected an Olympic Weightlifting Champion JURIJ VLASOV (Олимпийский чемпион Юрий Власов).
In 1988 in Leningrad (Russian Federation) the first official „U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup“ Кубок С.С.С.Р. по культуризму») was held. The contest was recognized by the U.S.S.R. Government. National teams on many Socialist Countries participated at the event.
1988. U.S.S.R. FIRST OFFICIAL BODYBUILDING CUP.
The contest was held in the prestigeaus Leningrad City Palace „Oktiabrskij (дворец „Октябрьский», Ленинград). The delegates and the athletes lived in the superious hotels. The Champions of the first supported by the Government USSR Bodybuilding Cup pirmenybių («Кубок С.С.С.Р. по культуризму») were the known bodybuilders:
STANISLAV POLIAKOV (Станислав Поляков, Riga, Latvian SSR; trained by FELIKS SAJKOVSKIJ – Феликс Сайковский)
VALERIJ BOGDANOVIC (Валерий Богданович, Minsk, Belorussian SSR; prepared without a trainer)
SAULIUS MISEVICIUS (Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR, prepared without a trainer)
VIKTORAS JUCYS (Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR; trained by DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS).
The Over All Champion of the 1988 U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup was VIKTORAS JUCYS.
WHAT IS OFFICIAL RECOGNIZED FEDERATION. TRAINER OF CHAMPION.
During the last years appeared many “new federations” which fool sportsmen. No International organizations recognize them and their activities mean nothing to the sport. Basing on the former background Ministries of Sport of the former Communist Countries still finance national I.F.B.B. federations. Until bodybuilding sport due to the efforts of BOB HOFFMAN was ruled by the F.I.H.C. (F.I.H., Federation Internationale Halterophile) which is an I.O.C. (I.O.C., International Olympic Committee) member; until bodybuilding sport due to the efforts of WEIDER brothers JOE and BEN was ruled through the Membership in G.A.I.S.F. (“General Association of International Sports Federations”) – bodybuilding was a recognized and respected sport. Forget the official bodybuilding after during the last years I.F.B.B. two times was divided (2008, 2015). Only seeking money and fighting for profit is left. Last President of I.F.B.B. RAFAEL SANTONJA finally ruined the sport. In 2022 W.A.D.A. stopped working with I.F.B.B.. About other “federations” better to keep silence – it is only humor…
So, recognized and supported by the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (“Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.») the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation organized the first official “U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup” in Leningrad (Russian Federation) in 1988. The U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport presented respectable titles of the “U.S.S.R. Master of Sport” for the Winners of this contest and gave medals and diplomas for the trainers of the Champions. Among them was the trainer of the Over All Champion DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS. 
(Article will be continued) 
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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WORLD AMATEUR RANKING LIST
(Since 1898, All Traditional Federations;
only first 50 places from over 10000 Athletes;
Counting only Official Recognized Contests;
Results presented after 2022 World Championships).
MEN
Competitor's Name, Country, Points, Place.
SCHWARCENEGGER ARNOLD USA-AUSTRIA 287 1
TAYLOR VINCE ANTHONY USA -GERMANY 286 2
JACKSON DEXTER USA 286 2
CUTLER JAY USA 285 3
PEARSON TONY USA 284 4
COLEMAN RONNIE USA 284 4
ROBINSON ROBBY USA 283 5
SARCEV MILOS USA -YUGOSLAVIA 282 6
RICHARDSON BILL UK 281 7
RHODEN SHAWN USA 281 7
CHARLES DARREM USA 280 8
CHRISTIAN MIKE USA 279 9
PASTEL THIERRY FRANCE 278 10
PHILLIPS TERRY UK 271 11
OLIVA SERGIO USA-CUBA 270 12
PEARSON TONY USA 270 12
LOVE RON USA 268 13
CLAIRMONTE CHARLES UK 266 14
DICKERSON CHRIS USA 264 15
DILLETT PAUL CANADA 264 15
SCHMIDT SONNY NEW ZEALAND 262 16
BANNOUT SAMIR LEBANON 261 17
ZANE FRANK USA 260 18
KAWAK EDUARDO FRANCE 260 18
COE BOYER USA 256 19
CITRONE JOHN UK 255 20
PAINE GEORGE USA 252 21
MALDONADO JOHNNY USA 252 21
HEATH PHIL USA 252 21
ANNUS OLEV ESTONIA-FINLAND 251 22
HANDLEY JAMES USA 249 23
GASPARI RICH USA 248 24
TINERINO DENNIS USA 247 25
KOSZEWSKI "ZABO" IRVIN USA 246 26
JOHNS DAVE USA 246 26
LABRADA LEE USA 244 27
CURRY BRANDON USA 244 27
LAWRENCE IAN SCOTLAND 242 28
GALLUCCI BOB USA 242 28
HANEY LEE USA 240 29
GRANT BILL USA 240 29
PARK REG UK 236 30
BIRDSONG BOB USA 236 30
WALLER KEN USA 235 31
BOOS JOHN USA 235 31
RAY SHAWN USA 234 32
LOPEZ ANIBAL USA 234 32
STRYDOM GARY USA 232 33
HALL KENNY USA 232 33
GIULLIANI EDDIE USA 232 33
DODD JOE USA 231 34
POOLE HAROLD USA 230 35
MAKKAWY MOHAMED EGYPT 230 35
FAUTZ CHARLES USA 230 35
PARIS BOB USA 229 36
COVINGTON KEN USA 229 36
BECKLES ALBERT UK 229 36
POLIAKOV STANISLAV LATVIA-ISRAEL 228 37
COLLRAS CHARLES USA 225 38
CORNEY ED USA 224 39
SANTIAGO ELMO USA 223 40
FULLER JOHNNY UK 223 40
ROSS CLANCY USA 222 41
GIULIANI EDDIE USA 221 42
PETERS DON USA 219 43
GULLIANI ED USA 219 43
PEACOCK ART USA 218 44
DE MEY BERRY HOLLAND 218 44
BROWN JOHN USA 218 44
GRYMKOWSKI PETE USA 217 45
BENAZIZA MOHAMMED ALGERIA-FRANCE 217 45
FREDERICK WARREN USA 213 46
BROWN LEON USA 213 46
DUBICKAS VINCAS LITHUANIA 212 47
RODRIGUEZ CARLOS USA-ARGENTINA 211 48
GUZMAN JOSE USA 211 48
DAYTON MICHAEL USA 211 48
HOLIC ANTON CZECHOSLOVAKIA 210 49
CALLENDER ROY CANADA 209 50.
 
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. Celebrating fifty six years of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International Activities and confronting the coming New Year of 2023 -  Congratulating Words of the President W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International DSc. Edmundas Daubaras.
Dear Friends,
Closing the year of the 2022 we want to thank all of You for the huge work that was done. We have been working much and achieved good positive results in 2022 again. Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International Federation unites National Organizations of 140 countries, that represent all Continents.
Contemporary bodybuilding moves fastly. Many new organizations appear, many private businessmen are cheating bodybuilders and organize contests with „great names“. They have no history. They have no future. Nothing is official. No official Institutions recognize any of them. In 2022 W.A.D.A. (World Anti Doping Agency) refused to recognize the I.F.B.B. (international Federation of Body Builders). Now bodybuilding is only business and commerce. It has nothing to do with real sport.
The W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International steps into the 56-th year of it’s activities. Two years lasting COVID-19 and now the war in Ukraine complicated work of all fields of life. Sport too.  In 2022 W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International organized huge events in America, Asia and Europe. It was not easy but we did it:
-       The 23-d “Universe” contest, Ludhiana, India.
-       The 2022 International Congress and Press Conference, Ludhiana, India. The Congress was led by International President DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS, Vice Presidents ANDREJ BASOV and Professor LALIT KUMAR SONI. Leaders of the India ruling political party were present at these events.
-       The Historic 55-th “Amber Prix International” and the 33-d World Championship, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania.
-       In the beginning of July, 2022 during the Official Visit of the International President W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to Poland the nearest future plans were discussed. In the beginning of September, 2022 the Official Meeting with the High Governmental Officials of the Republic Poland was planned. The Official Meeting took place on September 4, 2022 in City Bydgoszcz. At the meeting were present International President DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS, International Vice President Professor LALIT KUMAR SONI, Member Parliament Poland JAN SZOPINSKI (Jan Josef Szopinski), Vice Major City Bydgoszcz KAZIMIERZ DROZD, Mecenat JERZY GOTOWSKI  and a number of businessmen. At the Meeting important International questions were spoken over. Among them the 2023 Official Visit of the High Delegation Poland to India and the visit to the Headquarters United Nations. Also at the Meeting President W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS presented the International Honour Gold Medal to the Member Parliament Poland JAN SZOPINSKI.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
The W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”). Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
In 2016 under the initiative of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International the International Sport University (I.S.U., Tarptautinis sporto universitetas, Международный университет спорта; www.isuniversity.lt ) was established and registered in the European Union. Under the guidance of talanted administrators and scientists now it works succcessfully. In 2017 the I.S.U. became the Associated member of the U.N.E.S.C.O. organization at the U.N. (United Nations). Professor of four Universities VASILIJ BESPALENKO and Professor LALIT KUMAR SONI work  activelly at the International Sports University.
Some time ago the Chairman Parliament Republic Slovakia Mgr. Art. Andrej Hrciar sent his congratulating words to the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International and also he awarded the International President DSc. Edmundas Daubaras with the Honour Award of the Parliament Republic Slovakia. After several years we would like to remember that in 2012 in Vatican through His personal letter the Roman Pope Benedictus XVI (Benedetto XVI)  blessed the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International activities.
Representing World‘s Fitness and Bodybuilding Sport the W.F.F.-International and the W.B.B.F.-International are the only ones World Wide Officially Registered International Non Profit Sport Organizations that work well for our sport so long time. New ideas and tremendous work done for the International Sport make the W.F.F. and W.B.B.F. to be the today’s International Leaders in Bodybuilding and Fitness World Wide. We mean the Official Level. The W.F.F. and W.B.B.F. do not live yesterday’s life. We have lots of  new Global Bodybuilding Projects ahead.
W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. plans huge events in India, Thailand, Poland, Brasil and Lithuania in 2023. The work already goes on.
W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. seeks the recognition of bodybuilding sport as that was real during the „BOB HOFFMAN‘s“ times. In 2023 we plan colaboration with the U.N., U.N.E.S.C.O. and I.O.C. as well. We are sure to reach our goals uniting 140 contry-members and working together with various International Organizations.
HEALTH, SUCCESS, LUCK AND HAPPINESS IN 2023!!!
God bless all of us in our sincere pray!


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President WFF-WBBF International
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WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
1988. FIRST OFFICIAL U.S.S.R. BODYBUILDING CUP.
BACKGROUND.
We started working on the second part of the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ („Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija“, «Энциклопедия мирового культуризма»). The book will cover the time since 1973 until 1991. In 1973 the bodybuilding sport was prohibited and prosecuted in the Socialist Countries. In 1991 the Socialist System was ruined.
Looking from the point of view of the Communist regime about twenty years bodybuilding was on illegal position in the Socialist Countries. Being afraid many organizers and bodybuilders stopped the activities. Only two regular traditional contests were organized in the U.S.S.R.. That were the „Georg Tenno Memorial („Georgo Tenno Memorialas“, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, 1971 - 1989) and the „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, 1968 - 2022). The organizer of the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002) and the organizer of the organizer of the „Amber Prix“ was DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS. All other Socialist Countries did not organize the traditional International competitions. Later during the „MIKHAIL GORBACHOV Perestrojka“ (Перестройка) the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) recognized the „Amber Prix International“ as the unofficial U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championship. Then the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport started presenting to the Champions of the „Amber Prix International“ the honourable titles of the „U.S.S.R. Sport Master“Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р.).
To set the official U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation in 1987 the U.S.S.R. Congress of bodybuilders was organized in Kubenka city (near Moscow, Russian Federation). To the position of the President was elected an Olympic Weightlifting Champion JURIJ VLASOV (Олимпийский чемпион Юрий Власов).
In 1988 in Leningrad (Russian Federation) the first official „U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup“ Кубок С.С.С.Р. по культуризму») was held. The contest was recognized by the U.S.S.R. Government. National teams on many Socialist Countries participated at the event.
1988. U.S.S.R. FIRST OFFICIAL BODYBUILDING CUP.
The contest was held in the prestigeous Leningrad City Palace „Oktiabrskij (дворец „Октябрьский», Ленинград). The delegates and the athletes lived in the superious hotels. The Champions of the first supported by the Government „U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup“ («Кубок С.С.С.Р. по культуризму») were the known bodybuilders:
STANISLAV POLIAKOV (Станислав Поляков, Riga, Latvian SSR; trained by FELIKS SAJKOVSKIJ – Феликс Сайковский)
VALERIJ BOGDANOVIC (Валерий Богданович, Minsk, Belorussian SSR; prepared without a trainer)
SAULIUS MISEVICIUS (Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR, prepared without a trainer)
VIKTORAS JUCYS (Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR; trained by DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS).
The Over All Champion of the 1988 U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup was VIKTORAS JUCYS.
WHAT IS OFFICIAL RECOGNIZED FEDERATION. TRAINER OF CHAMPION.
During the last years appeared many “new federations” which fool sportsmen. No International organizations recognize them and their activities mean nothing to the sport. Basing on the former background Ministries of Sport of the former Communist Countries still finance national I.F.B.B. federations. Until bodybuilding sport due to the efforts of BOB HOFFMAN was ruled by the F.I.H.C. (F.I.H., Federation Internationale Halterophile) which is an I.O.C. (I.O.C., International Olympic Committee) member; until bodybuilding sport due to the efforts of WEIDER brothers JOE and BEN was ruled through the Membership in G.A.I.S.F. (“General Association of International Sports Federations”) – bodybuilding was a recognized and respected sport. Forget the official bodybuilding after during the last years I.F.B.B. two times was divided (2008, 2015). Only seeking money and fighting for profit is left. Last President of I.F.B.B. RAFAEL SANTONJA finally ruined the sport. In 2022 W.A.D.A. stopped working with I.F.B.B.. About other “federations” better to keep silence – it is only humor…
So, recognized and supported by the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (“Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.») the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation organized the first official “U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup” in Leningrad (Russian Federation) in 1988. The U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport presented respectable titles of the “U.S.S.R. Master of Sport” for the Winners of this contest and gave medals and diplomas for the trainers of the Champions. Among them was the trainer of the Over All Champion DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS. 
KALINAUSKAS MAKES PROBLEMS FOR BODYBUILDERS AGAIN.
All Champions of the first “U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Cup” were included to the U.S.S.R. National Team. Two bodybuilders of the Lithuanian SSR were among them. That were VIKTORAS JUCYS and SAULIUS MISEVICIUS. The team had to participate at the I.F.B.B. World Championship in Australia. Everybody had to receive special “foreign” passports and Australia visas. The U.S.S.R. National Team was led by the delegation of officials. The General Secretary of the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation ROMANAS KALINAUSKAS (Романас Калинаускас) was not included to the delegation to Australia. He was responsible to prepare “foreign passports” and Australia visas for the Lithuanian bodybuilders. ROMANAS KALINAUSKAS was angry about being not included to the delegation to Australia. He stopped the passports of VIKTORAS JUCYS and SAULIUS MISEVICIUS. Bodybuilders arrived to the airport and waited for the passports. The passports did not come…
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
WORLD FITNESS FEDERATION
(W.F.F. - International)
WORLD BODYBUILDING FEDERATION
(W.B.B.F. - International)
WORLD AMATEUR CHAMPIONSHIP
OVER ALL WINNERS
(1990-2022)

MEN
Year, Competitor's Name, Country.
2022 VILIUS PRANCKEVICIUS, LITHUANIA

2021 ARTUR KAMIENIAK, POLAND
2020 ROMAN POLSHIN, ESTONIA
2019 ARKADIUSZ DEMIDOWICZ, POLAND
2018 TOLGA MURAT BALIKCI, TURKEY
2017 MAROS KANASZ, SLOVAKIA
2016 FARREIRA GLAYSON SOUTO, BRAZIL
2015 MAROS KANASZ, SLOVAKIA
2014 NIKOLAJ VOROBJOV, RUSSIA
2013 MOSTAFA GOLMIRZA ESKANDARI, IRAN
2012 NIKOLAJ VOROBJOV, RUSSIA
2011 ALI IMANI, IRAN
2010 ALEKSANDR SEVCOV, ESTONIA
2009 ALEKSANDR ANASKIN, RUSSIA
2008 WOJCIECH NADOLSKI, POLAND
2007 ROMAN DUBOVICKIJ, RUSSIA
2006 ANTONIO OSTA, URUGUAY
2005 ALEKSANDR BALDIN, RUSSIA
2004 KONSTANTIN ZACHAROV, RUSSIA
2003 ALEKSANDR TUMASEVIC, RUSSIA
2002 FRANCO CARLOTTO, SWITZERLAND
2001 MINDAUGAS KVASYS, LITHUANIA
2000 MASSIMO MONACO, ITALY
1999 FRANCO CARLOTTO, SWITZERLAND
1998 JURGEN KOCH, GERMANY
1997 JURGEN KOCH, GERMANY
1996 JAN BOLKEN, GERMANY
1995 HOLGER DANNHEIM, GERMANY
1994 DIRK KARREGARN, GERMANY
1993 KLAUS MARTIN, GERMANY
1992 MURAT AIBBYAK, TURKEY
1991 REINER GORBRACHT, GERMANY
1990 VOLKER FORTSCH, GERMANY

WOMEN
YEAR, COMPETITOR'S NAME, COUNTRY.
2022 ANNA SOBOLEWSKA KUCHARSKA, POLAND

2021 LAURA SIUGALE, LATVIA
2020  HANNA KRISTINA SKITTA, FINLAND
2019 HOLLIE JADE FEENEY, UK
2018 HANNA KRISTINA SKITTA, FINLAND
2017 ALEKSANDRA ANTIPOVA, RUSSIA
2016 YAMILA TOLEDO, ARGENTINA
2015 LIUDMILA SENCIUGOVA, RUSSIA
2014 JELENA KURSANOVA, RUSSIA
2013 MARIA SOL FARINELLI, ARGENTINA
2012 DALVANIZA AQUINO, BRAZIL
2011 CRECKY CHAVES, BRAZIL
2010 LIUDMILA KOLESNIKOVA, RUSSIA
2009 LIUDMILA KOLESNIKOVA, RUSSIA
2008 JOLANTA MILERIUTE, LITHUANIA
2007 IRINA RIABOVA, RUSSIA
2006 ROSALIA DUTRA DE CAMPOS, ARGENTINA
2005 RACHEL KAUPPILA, FINLAND
2004 MARINA BURINSKAJA, LATVIA
2003 MARIE PIERRE DOMINIQUE RIPERT, FRANCE
2002 IRINA ZINCENKO, RUSSIA
2001 SVETLANA PUGACHEVA, RUSSIA
2000 MARIA KONSTANTINIDOU, GREECE
1999 TINA PUSH, GERMANY
1998 CLAUDIA MACHMOR, GERMANY
1997 EDITA DAUBARAITE, LITHUANIA
1996 DANIELA HARIC, CROATIA
1995 ALEXANDRA BAUMANN, GERMANY
1994 MANUELA NOUGEBAUER, GERMANY
1993 SANDRA BAUERTLE, GERMANY
1992 MANUELA FRANC, GERMANY
1991 SABINE WEEKE, GERMANY
1990 BETTINA BINDER, GERMANY

Chairman W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International Judges Council Edita Sendriene

 
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. NEWS INTERNATIONAL.
W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. PAKISTAN.
Today W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) International Headquarters received information from Pakistan. President W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pakistan ALOUDIN BHATI informed about the 2023 Pakistan W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Youth Championship that was held in January, 2023.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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WORLD BODYBUILDING ENCYCLOPEDIA.
1987 INTERNATIONAL CONTEST „WHITE NIGHTS“.
Preparing the 2-d book of the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ (Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма») we will publish some separate historical articles of that time (1973 – 1991).
To participate as a guest at the 1986 historic „Amber Prix International“ («Янтарный приз», “Gintarinis prizas”, 1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania) DSC. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) invited from Leningrad (Russian Federation) a former famous U.S.S.R. bodybuilder VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин). After loosing at the 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estinian SSR) VLADIMIR DUBININ stopped participating at competitions and did not appear at the International events. When the 1986 „Amber Prix International“ ended the VIP International bodybuilding persons came together to the appartments of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS in Klaipeda. The reason was to discuss the plans of the future development of bodybuilding sport in the U.S.S.R. and Socialist Countries and to start the new U.S.S.R. Bodybuildin Federation. At the meeting participated: a well known U.S.S.R. bodybuilder VLADIMIR DUBININ, since 1975 representing Russian Federation at the International events VLADIMIR SUBOV (Владимир Шубов, Moscow), 1985-1986 International contest organizer in Ukraine ARKADIJ KASANSKIJ (Аркадий Кашанский, Charkov, Ukrainian SSR) and the historic „Amber Prix“ organizer DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS. At that time DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was the only one among the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding leadres who perfectly knew several foreign languages. Also foreign situation was discussed as DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was in touch with the I.F.B.B. (International Federation of Body Builders) President BEN WEIDER, the  W.A.B.B.A. (World Amateur Body Building Association) President SERGE NUBRET (Serge Nubret) and the N.A.B.B.A. (National Amateur Body Building Association) President OSCAR HEIDENSTAM.  
Note: during the prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and Socialist Countries the „Amber Prix International“ was the only one regularly organized International Bodybuilding competition in the Socalist World. Later the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) recognized the „Amber Prix“ as the „unofficial U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championship“ (неофициальный чемпионат С.С.С.Р. по культуризму) and started presenting to the „Amber Prix“ Champions the title of the „U.S.S.R. Sport Master“ («Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р).
At the 1986 International meeting in Klaipeda participants discussed the starting of the new U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation“Федерация С.С.С.Р. по культуризму»). VLADIMIR DUBININ preposed the organize in Leningrad the International „White nights“ contest along with the „Amber Prix International“ and „Georg Tenno Memorial“.
„WHITE HIGHTS“.
In 1987 VLADIMIR DUBININ organized the International „White Nights“ competition as it was decided in Klaipeda. The contest was held at the still prestigeous in Russia  „Leningrad Palace Oktiabrskij“ («Дворец Октябрьский»). Bodubuilders of various U.S.S.R. republics participated at the event. The Category Winners were NIKOLAJ MALYSEV (Николай Малышев,  Russian Federation), PAVEL KOSENKO (Павел Косенко, Estonian SSR), BORIS RAJEV (Борис Раев, Leningrad, Russian Federation), the pupil of Dr. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS bodybuilder VIKTORAS JUCYS (Викторас Юцис, Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR). The title of the Over All „White Nights“ Champion went to VIKTORAS JUCYS.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 55 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk to everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. Peter Stach from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас).
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to them our sport looks as it looks now.
1974. “GEORG TENNO MEMORIAL”. BEGINNING.
Due to political reasons after 1971 bodybuilding in Socialist Countries was in problems. Finally in 1973 bodybuilding sport was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist Countries. Bodybuilding activities were prosecuted. The press was full of negative articles about bodybuilding.
Competitions were not organized at that time. But there were some exceptions.
Representative of the Estonian SSR INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002) and his friends started pressing the polititians of the Estonian SSR.  They presented bodybuilding as a national kind of sport in Estonian SSR. They spoke about old Estonian traditions in power sports, strongmen and wrestling. All remembered such known Estonian sport persons as GEORG LURICH (Георг Лурих, 1876 - 1920), GEORG HACKENSCHMIDT  (Георг Гаккеншмидт, 1878 – 1968), Olympic Champion KRISTIAN PALUSALU  (Kristian Trossmann, Кристиан Палусалу, 1908 – 1987).  Estonian GEORG TENNO(Георг Тенно, 1911 - 1967)  for long years on was working at the high sport offices of the U.S.S.R.. This was in 1971 when Estonians started organizing in Tallinn the International „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989) competition. The contest was nearly on regular basis and local governments somehow supported it.
Similar to Estonians did the bodybuilders of Czechslovakia. To hide the real bodybuilding basis they added a number of power exercises in their contests.
In Lithuania competitions were held underground and without public. In 1974 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS organized the fourth historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic). It was held in a city bomb shelter. After this the „Amber Prix“ was organized regularly. In 1976 the International Competition was held in Kalinin (Tver, Russian Federation). The Contest was done in a small city gym. In 1977 an International Contest was organized in a small Lithuanian SSR city Kedainiai and it was held in a small gym too. Lithuanians as well as bodybuilders of other Socialist Countries were hiding the bodybuilding with the power exercises.
In 1974 the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was the only one bodybuilding contest in the U.S.S.R. which was supported by the Estonian Government. Though the U.S.S.R. polititians were prohibiting to do this. 
(the Article will be continued)
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. Peter Stach from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
1974. “GEORG TENNO MEMORIAL”. BEGINNING.
Due to political reasons after 1971 bodybuilding in Socialist Countries was in problems. Finally in 1973 bodybuilding sport was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist Countries. Bodybuilding activities were prosecuted. The press was full of negative articles about bodybuilding.
Competitions were not organized at that time. But there were some exceptions.
A representative of the Estonian SSR INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002) and his friends started pressing the polititians of the Estonian SSR.  They presented bodybuilding as a national kind of sport in Estonian SSR. They spoke about old Estonian traditions in power sports, strongmen and wrestling. All remembered such known Estonian sport persons as GEORG LURICH (Георг Лурих, 1876 - 1920), GEORG HACKENSCHMIDT  (Георг Гаккеншмидт, 1878 – 1968), Olympic Champion KRISTIAN PALUSALU  (Kristian Trossmann, Кристиан Палусалу, 1908 – 1987).  Estonian GEORG TENNO(Георг Тенно, 1911 - 1967)  for long years on was working at the high sport offices of the U.S.S.R.. This was in 1971 when Estonians started organizing in Tallinn the International „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989) competition. The contest was nearly on regular basis and local governments somehow supported it.
Similar to Estonians did the bodybuilders of Czechslovakia. To hide the real bodybuilding basis they added a number of power exercises in their contests.
In Lithuania competitions were held underground and without public. In 1974 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS organized the fourth historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic). It was held in a city bomb shelter. After this the „Amber Prix“ was organized regularly. In 1976 the International Competition was held in Kalinin (Tver, Russian Federation). The Contest was done in a small city gym. In 1977 an International Contest was organized in a small Lithuanian SSR city Kedainiai and it was held in a small gym too. Lithuanians as well as bodybuilders of other Socialist Countries were hiding the bodybuilding with the power exercises.
In 1974 in Estonian SSR the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was the only one bodybuilding contest in the U.S.S.R. which was more or less supported by the Government. Though the U.S.S.R. polititians were prohibiting to do this.
4-th „GEORG TENNO MEMORIAL“ BRAKED PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING.
 
Who can imagine the idea to organize an International Bodybuilding Contest when bodybuilding was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and in all Socialist Countries? When the Governments announced the prohibition of bodybuilding the competitions were stopped everywhere. The participants of the 4-th „Georg Tenno Memorial“ had risk to be punnished but they dared to particpate in Estonia anyhow. This way the 4-th „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was a serious polittical step.
In 1974 among the possible winners of the contest was the 1971 – 1972 Over All Champion of the „Georg Tenno Memorial“  Russian VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин). Nevertheless the Estonians were making a surprise with OLEV ANNUS (Олев Аннус) for everybody. Lithuanians kept silence. After serving in the army among the participants was a former National Champion of the Lithuanian SSR and the winner of the 1971 International Contest PRANAS MURAUSKAS (Пранас Мураускас). He represented a famous historical „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“ («Вильнюсская школа культуризма»). VLADIMIR DUBININ laughed at PRANAS MURAUSKAS when somebody showed him this bodybuilder. PRANAS MURAUSKAS weighed 37 kilograms less than VLADIMIR DUBININ.
The results of the the 4-th „Georg Tenno Memorial“:
1-st Junior Category
1.    MISIURA ARVYDAS (Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
2.    KIRSUPUU PEEP (Estonian SSR)
3.    OTSUS INDREK (Estonian SSR)
2-d Junior Category
1.    BEREZOVSKY SEMION (Семён Березовский, Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
2.    SALAVEJUS GINTAUTAS (Lithuanian SSR)
3.    ARRO ARNE (Estonian SSR)
Men‘s Categories
Category Short
1.    GORELIK JEVGENIJ (Gorelik Eugene, Евгений Горелик, Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
2.    KURGPOLD ULO (Estonian SSR)
3.    TOLSTYCH SERGEJ (Сергей Толстых, Russian Federation)
  Category Middle
1.    MURAUSKAS PRANAS (Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
2.    LOBAČIOV JURIJ (Юрий Лобачёв, Russian Federation)
3.    ŽURENKO JURIJ (Юрий Журенко, Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
Category High
1.    ANNUS OLEV (Estonian SSR)
2.    DUBININ VLADIMIR (Russian Federation)
3.    DUDIN SERGEJ (Сергей Дудин, Russian Federation).
The Over All Winners of the 4-th „Georg Tenno Memorial“ were SEMION BEREZOVSKY and PRANAS MURAUSKAS. Except OLEV ANNUS all category Winners were representing „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“ («Вильнюсская школа культуризма»). The Chairmen and Trainers of this „school“ were the Legend of Bodybuilding CZESLAV TAMULEWISZ (Чеслав Тамулевич, Ceslav Tamulevic) and VITALIJ ASOVSKIJ (Виталий Асовский). The main bodybuilding person of the Estonian SSR INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002)  organized the publications about the competition in the „Western“ bodybuilding press. He did it hrough his personal friends in Finland. For long time the pictures of PRANAS MURAUSKAS were in the pages of many World Bodybuilding Magazines.
(the Article will be continued)
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. Peter Stach from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
1974. “GEORG TENNO MEMORIAL”. BEGINNING.
Due to political reasons after 1971 bodybuilding in Socialist Countries was in problems. Finally in 1973 bodybuilding sport was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist Countries. Bodybuilding activities were prosecuted. The press was full of negative articles about bodybuilding.
Competitions were not organized at that time. But there were some exceptions.
A representative of the Estonian SSR INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002) and his friends started pressing the polititians of the Estonian SSR.  They presented bodybuilding as a national kind of sport in Estonian SSR. They spoke about old Estonian traditions in power sports, strongmen and wrestling. All remembered such known Estonian sport persons as GEORG LURICH (Георг Лурих, 1876 - 1920), GEORG HACKENSCHMIDT  (Георг Гаккеншмидт, 1878 – 1968), Olympic Champion KRISTIAN PALUSALU  (Kristian Trossmann, Кристиан Палусалу, 1908 – 1987).  Estonian GEORG TENNO(Георг Тенно, 1911 - 1967)  for long years on was working at the high sport offices of the U.S.S.R.. This was in 1971 when Estonians started organizing in Tallinn the International „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989) competition. The contest was nearly on regular basis and local governments somehow supported it.
Similar to Estonians did the bodybuilders of Czechslovakia. To hide the real bodybuilding basis they added a number of power exercises in their contests.
In Lithuania competitions were held underground and without public. In 1974 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS organized the fourth historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic). It was held in a city bomb shelter. After this the „Amber Prix“ was organized regularly. In 1976 the International Competition was held in Kalinin (Tver, Russian Federation). The Contest was done in a small city gym. In 1977 an International Contest was organized in a small Lithuanian SSR city Kedainiai and it was held in a small gym too. Lithuanians as well as bodybuilders of other Socialist Countries were hiding the bodybuilding with the power exercises.
In 1974 in Estonian SSR the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was the only one bodybuilding contest in the U.S.S.R. which was more or less supported by the Government. Though the U.S.S.R. polititians were prohibiting to do this.
4-th „GEORG TENNO MEMORIAL“ BRAKED PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING.
 
Who can imagine the idea to organize an International Bodybuilding Contest when bodybuilding was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and in all Socialist Countries? When the Governments announced the prohibition of bodybuilding the competitions were stopped everywhere. The participants of the 4-th „Georg Tenno Memorial“ had risk to be punnished but they dared to particpate in Estonia anyhow. This way the 4-th „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was a serious polittical step.
In 1974 among the possible winners of the contest was the 1971 – 1972 Over All Champion of the „Georg Tenno Memorial“  Russian VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин). Nevertheless the Estonians were making a surprise with OLEV ANNUS (Олев Аннус) for everybody. Lithuanians kept silence. After serving in the army among the participants was a former National Champion of the Lithuanian SSR and the winner of the 1971 International Contest PRANAS MURAUSKAS (Пранас Мураускас). He represented a famous historical „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“ («Вильнюсская школа культуризма»). VLADIMIR DUBININ laughed at PRANAS MURAUSKAS when somebody showed him this bodybuilder. PRANAS MURAUSKAS weighed 37 kilograms less than VLADIMIR DUBININ.
The results of the the 4-th „Georg Tenno Memorial“:
1-st Junior Category
1.    MISIURA ARVYDAS (Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
2.    KIRSUPUU PEEP (Estonian SSR)
3.    OTSUS INDREK (Estonian SSR)
2-d Junior Category
1.    BEREZOVSKY SEMION (Семён Березовский, Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
2.    SALAVEJUS GINTAUTAS (Lithuanian SSR)
3.    ARRO ARNE (Estonian SSR)
Men‘s Categories
Category Short
1.    GORELIK JEVGENIJ (Gorelik Eugene, Евгений Горелик, Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
2.    KURGPOLD ULO (Estonian SSR)
3.    TOLSTYCH SERGEJ (Сергей Толстых, Russian Federation)
  Category Middle
1.    MURAUSKAS PRANAS (Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
2.    LOBAČIOV JURIJ (Юрий Лобачёв, Russian Federation)
3.    ŽURENKO JURIJ (Юрий Журенко, Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius)
Category High
1.    ANNUS OLEV (Estonian SSR)
2.    DUBININ VLADIMIR (Russian Federation)
3.    DUDIN SERGEJ (Сергей Дудин, Russian Federation).
The Over All Winners of the 4-th „Georg Tenno Memorial“ were SEMION BEREZOVSKY and PRANAS MURAUSKAS. Except OLEV ANNUS all category Winners were representing „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“ («Вильнюсская школа культуризма»). The Chairmen and Trainers of this „school“ were the Legend of Bodybuilding CZESLAV TAMULEWISZ (Чеслав Тамулевич, Ceslav Tamulevic) and VITALIJ ASOVSKIJ (Виталий Асовский). The main bodybuilding person of the Estonian SSR INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002)  organized the publications about the competition in the „Western“ bodybuilding press. He did it through his personal friends in Finland. For long time the pictures of PRANAS MURAUSKAS were in the pages of many World Bodybuilding Magazines.
(the Article will be continued)
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING RUINED RELATIONS.
Relations between the Socialist Countries started in 1966 when Lithuanians organized first International contest in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). These relations were ruined when in 1973 the prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist Countries was announced. Everybody was afraid to be punnished. The “U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Committee “ («Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.») which was set up in 1968 in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) now stopped working too. All Chairmen of the Committee left bodybuilding: Lithuanians VALERIJ KORESHKOV (Валерий Корешков) went on working as a journalist; VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис) worked in the sport medicine; Russians GENNADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин), ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров) were busy with the weightlifting sport.
Similar situation was in other Socialist Countries.
Aiming to escape the prosecution under the leadership of INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002) Estonians named the bodybuilding as a „National Kind of Sport“. The Government let them go on organizing the „Georg Tenno Memorial‘ (1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR).
Lithuanians without public and publicity were working „underground“.  In 1973 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS organized bodybuilding contest in the old Klaipeda City prison and in 1974 he also organized the fourth historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз»,  1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic). It was held in a bomb shelter.  From time to time „silent“ contests were ogranized in Kaunas too.
VOJTECH FIALA OPENS DOORS FOR CZECHOSLOVAKS.
Bodybuilders in Czechoslovakia were supported by their Government. They remembered very well the work of the American BOB HOFFMAN in the International F.I.H.C. federation. The F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). For twenty years F.I.H.C. was supported by the Governments of all Socialist Countries. The F.I.H.C. always had power exercises at their regular bodybuilding World Championships. This way the Czechoslovaks started power exercises at their National bodybuilding competitions again. After some time Czechoslovakia bodybuilders received permittion to participate at the I.F.B.B. World and Europe Championships. Bodybuilders of all Socialist World could not even dream about this. Several weeks before the International contests the National bodybuilding team of Czechoslovakia was financed by their Sport Ministry. Bodybuilders lived and trained at the National Olympic Centre in the mountains. It was evident that the sportsmen of Czechoslovakia were fare ahead of all Socialist Countries. It was only on the personal efforts of VOJTECH FIALA who was at those years the President of the National Czechoslovakia Bodybuilding Federation. VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and contacts at the Government of Czechoslovakia and also abroad in the „Western“ Countries.
This was how the bodybuilders of Czechoslovakia during the years of bodybuilding prohibition is the Socialist Countries entered the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland).
(the Article will be continued)
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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«GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS».
WORLD BODYBUILDING ENCYCLOPEDIA.
BOOK TWO (covering time 1973-1991).
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
“GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS”.
Working on the second book of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” it came to our mind to underline the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contest. There are many reasons and among them these:
-       When bodybuilding sport in 1973 was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and Socialist Countries – the “Georg Tenno Memorial” and the “Amber Prix International” (“Gintarinis prizas”, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2002, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania, Organizer DSc. Edmundas Daubaras) were the only ones regular International competitions in the Socialist World. That was and still is a part of the World bodybuilding history.
-       The “Georg Tenno Memorial” was organized by the “Heart of Estonia Bodybuilding” INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). Since 1998 until his death he was the president of the National W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. federation.
-       In 1987 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS for several months was working in Tallinn. INNAR MARDO was ill. Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) and Estonian INDREK OTSUS (Индрек Отсус) organized the 1987 “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
-       Since the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” and „Amber Prix International“ best bodybuilders of the U.S.S.R. participated at these competitions. For them that was the only one chance to “go to another country regularly” at that time.
Step by step we will write the stories about each of the “Georg Tenno Memorial”. Also we will touch International happenings that were connected with the “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING RUINED RELATIONS.
Relations between the Socialist Countries started in 1966 when Lithuanians organized first International contest in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). These relations were ruined when in 1973 the prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist Countries was announced. Everybody was afraid to be punnished. The “U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Committee “ («Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.») which was set up in 1968 in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) now stopped working too. All Chairmen of the Committee left bodybuilding: Lithuanians VALERIJ KORESHKOV (Валерий Корешков) went on working as a journalist; VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис) worked in the sport medicine; Russians GENNADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин), ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров) were busy with the weightlifting sport.
Similar situation was in other Socialist Countries.
Aiming to escape the prosecution under the leadership of INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002) Estonians named the bodybuilding as a „National Kind of Sport“. The Government let them go on organizing the „Georg Tenno Memorial‘ (1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR).
Lithuanians without public and publicity were working „underground“.  In 1973 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS organized bodybuilding contest in the old Klaipeda City prison and in 1974 he also organized the fourth historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз»,  1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic). It was held in a bomb shelter.  From time to time „silent“ contests were ogranized in Kaunas too.
VOJTECH FIALA OPENS DOORS FOR CZECHOSLOVAKS.
Bodybuilders in Czechoslovakia were supported by their Government. They remembered very well the work of the American BOB HOFFMAN in the International F.I.H.C. federation. The F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). For twenty years F.I.H.C. was supported by the Governments of all Socialist Countries. The F.I.H.C. always had power exercises at their regular bodybuilding World Championships. This way the Czechoslovaks started power exercises at their National bodybuilding competitions again. After some time Czechoslovakia bodybuilders received permittion to participate at the I.F.B.B. World and Europe Championships. Bodybuilders of all Socialist World could not even dream about this. Several weeks before the International contests the National bodybuilding team of Czechoslovakia was financed by their Sport Ministry. Bodybuilders lived and trained at the National Olympic Centre in the mountains. It was evident that the sportsmen of Czechoslovakia were fare ahead of all Socialist Countries. It was only on the personal efforts of VOJTECH FIALA who was at those years the President of the National Czechoslovakia Bodybuilding Federation. VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and contacts at the Government of Czechoslovakia and also abroad in the „Western“ Countries.
This was how the bodybuilders of Czechoslovakia during the years of bodybuilding prohibition is the Socialist Countries entered the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland).
1975 I.F.B.B. EUROPE CHAMPIONSHIP RESULTS.
Category Short
1.    Kemp Nicolas (Belgium)
2.    Barange Ronald (France)
3.    Bertagna Renato (Italy)
Category Medium
1.    Stach Peter (Czechoslovakia)
2.    Annette Mederic (France)
3.    Rudman Janko (Sweden)
Category High
1.    Hedrder Billy (Holland)
2.    Prink Uwe (West Germany)
3.    Lerus Serge (France).
Over All Champion PETER STACH.
 (the Article will be continued)
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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Reply
2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING RUINED RELATIONS.
Relations between the Socialist Countries started in 1966 when Lithuanians organized first International contest in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). These relations were ruined when in 1973 the prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist Countries was announced. Everybody was afraid to be punnished. The “U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Committee “ («Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.») which was set up in 1968 in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) now stopped working too. All Chairmen of the Committee left bodybuilding: Lithuanians VALERIJ KORESHKOV (Валерий Корешков) went on working as a journalist; VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис) worked in the sport medicine; Russians GENNADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин), ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров) were busy with the weightlifting sport.
Similar situation was in other Socialist Countries.
Aiming to escape the prosecution under the leadership of INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002) Estonians named the bodybuilding as a „National Kind of Sport“. The Government let them go on organizing the „Georg Tenno Memorial‘ (1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR).
Lithuanians without public and publicity were working „underground“.  In 1973 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS organized bodybuilding contest in the old Klaipeda City prison and in 1974 he also organized the fourth historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз»,  1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic). It was held in a bomb shelter.  From time to time „silent“ contests were ogranized in Kaunas too.
VOJTECH FIALA OPENS DOORS FOR CZECHOSLOVAKS.
Bodybuilders in Czechoslovakia were supported by their Government. They remembered very well the work of the American BOB HOFFMAN in the International F.I.H.C. federation. The F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). For twenty years F.I.H.C. was supported by the Governments of all Socialist Countries. The F.I.H.C. always had power exercises at their regular bodybuilding World Championships. This way the Czechoslovaks started power exercises at their National bodybuilding competitions again. After some time Czechoslovakia bodybuilders received permittion to participate at the I.F.B.B. World and Europe Championships. Bodybuilders of all Socialist World could not even dream about this. Several weeks before the International contests the National bodybuilding team of Czechoslovakia was financed by their Sport Ministry. Bodybuilders lived and trained at the National Olympic Centre in the mountains. It was evident that the sportsmen of Czechoslovakia were fare ahead of all Socialist Countries. It was only on the personal efforts of VOJTECH FIALA who was at those years the President of the National Czechoslovakia Bodybuilding Federation. VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and contacts at the Government of Czechoslovakia and also abroad in the „Western“ Countries.
This was how the bodybuilders of Czechoslovakia during the years of bodybuilding prohibition is the Socialist Countries entered the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland).
1975 I.F.B.B. EUROPE CHAMPIONSHIP RESULTS.
Category Short
1.    Kemp Nicolas (Belgium)
2.    Barange Ronald (France)
3.    Bertagna Renato (Italy)
Category Medium
1.    Stach Peter (Czechoslovakia)
2.    Annette Mederic (France)
3.    Rudman Janko (Sweden)
Category High
1.    Hedrder Billy (Holland)
2.    Prink Uwe (West Germany)
3.    Lerus Serge (France).
Over All Champion PETER STACH.
1975. DSC. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
In the Socialist times as it is today the universities of the countries exchanged the groups of students. As DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was a student of Vilnius State University (Lithuanian Republic) he managed to go to the capital of Czechoslovakia Praha in 1975.
In Praha several times DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS had meetings with the President of the Čzechoslovakia National Bodybuilding Federation VOJTECH FIALA. After the 1973 bodybuilding prohibition in Socialist Countries DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was the first representative of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding who visited Czechoslovakia.
At that time VOJTECH FIALA was just after the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship where PETER STACH became the Over All I.F.B.B. Europe Champion. During the meetings of VOJTECH FIALA and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS many questions were spoken over. Among them the situation in International bodybuilding, sport positions in Czecoslovakia and in the U.S.S.R..
Note: we always speak about the Champion and always forget why and how he became the Champion. In this case it was done due to the work of VOJTECH FIALA. At that time he “opened the doors” for the Czechoslovakia bodybuilder to the “West”. There are lots of “heroes” when all goes well. But where were those “heroes” when somebody had to risk and to fight for bodybuilding?
One time  VOJTECH FIALA and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS visited Praha Rodotin where PETER STACH was living and training. In his gym PETER STACH demonstrated his training session and posed in front of the guests.
Another time VOJTECH FIALA and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS visited the Ministry of Sport of the Czechoslovakia  (Č.S.T.V., Československy Svaz Telesne Vychvy). They had a meeting with the Chairmen of the Ministry. The Headquarters of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakia were placed at the building of the Ministry of Sport. Then the general secretary of the federation was a famous bodybuilder PETER TLAPAK (1976 I.F.B.B. Europe Champion). At the Headquarters while speaking with PETER TLAPAK the bodybuilder posed and demonstrated his muscles in front of the guests.
When DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was leaving the Czechoslovakia he agreed with VOJTECH FIALA to keep the relations on. The Czechoslovakians appointed Praha bodybuilding trainer IVAN MACH to do correspondence with DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and inform the federation.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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«GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS».
WORLD BODYBUILDING ENCYCLOPEDIA.
BOOK TWO (covering time 1973-1991).
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
“GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS”.
Working on the second book of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” it came to our mind to underline the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contest. There are many reasons and among them these:
-       When bodybuilding sport in 1973 was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and Socialist Countries – the “Georg Tenno Memorial” and the “Amber Prix International” (“Gintarinis prizas”, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2002, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania, Organizer DSc. Edmundas Daubaras) were the only ones regular International competitions in the Socialist World. That was and still is a part of the World bodybuilding history.
-       The “Georg Tenno Memorial” was organized by the “Heart of Estonia Bodybuilding” INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). Since 1998 until his death he was the president of the National W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. federation.
-       In 1987 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS for several months was working in Tallinn. INNAR MARDO was ill. Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) and Estonian INDREK OTSUS (Индрек Отсус) organized the 1987 “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
-       Since the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” and „Amber Prix International“ best bodybuilders of the U.S.S.R. participated at these competitions. For them that was the only one chance to “go to another country regularly” at that time.
Step by step we will write the stories about each of the “Georg Tenno Memorial”. Also we will touch International happenings that were connected with the “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
BEGINNING. F.I.H.C. AND SOCIALIST BODYBUILDING.
The topic has been already covered in the first part of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” (“Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”, «Энциклопедия мирового культуризма»). Nevertheless we will touch several important points again.
The A.A.U. (Amateur Athletic Union) started it’s work in the nineteenth century and for long time it was as a “Sport Ministry” of the USA. American BOB HOFFMAN always was very much connected with the A.A.U. and it’s Chairmen. A department of A.A.U. weightlifting was a member of  F.I.H.C. (F.I.H., Federation Internationale Halterophile; after 1972 I.W.F., International Weightlifting Federation”). At the same time the F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). Since 1947 until 1969 F.I.H.C. ruled official World bodybuilding sport. No one other International bodybuilding organization could even try to lead the World bodybuilding. We mean structures like N.A.B.B.A. (National Amateur Body Building Association) association and at that time private I.F.B.B. (International Federation of Body Builders) company. Though the owners of the I.F.B.B. WEIDER brothers JOE and BEN everywhere copied BOB HOFFMAN’s work they had no chances to win. Behind BOB HOFFMAN was the A.A.U. and the F.I.H.C.. Today I.F.B.B. sport historians diminish the work of BOB HOFFMAN in the World’s bodybuilding development because of envy.
In 1959 the F.I.H.C. World weightlifting championship was held in Warszawa (capital of the People’s Republic of Poland). Traditionally since 1947 during every  World weightlifting championship F.I.H.C. organized the World Bodybuilding Championship (“Universe”). It was BOB HOFFMAN who first brought bodybuilding to the Socialist World. First time in the sport history in Warszawa socialist people saw bodybuilders and got really acquainted to bodybuilding. In 1959 the Over All F.I.H.C. “Mr. Universe” was French bodybuilder GUY MIERCZUK.
As F.I.H.C. was the I.O.C. member bodybuilding was understood of two parts – body presentation and physical exercises. We know from sport history that power exercises were used at the competitions in Socialist countries until ninetees of the last century. Czechoslovakia bodybuilders did it even longer.
Nobody had idea why bodybuilding competitions had power exercises. Most thought that during the prohibition of bodybuilding Socialist bodybuilders did power exercises to make negativeness of political Governments not so strong. Nobody thought that all National Weightlifting Federations were members of F.I.H.C. and I.O.C.. All respected the official status of the F.I.H.C. organization and along the weightlifting recognized bodybuilding too. This was how power exercises came and remained in bodybuilding contests so long.
Since that time bodybuilding was growing fastly in the Socialist World. But in 1973 due to political reasions Communist Governments prohibited bodybuilding. Always at the bodybuilding contests power exercises had equal value with the demonstration of the body. It was the reason that after the 1959 F.I.H.C. „Mr. Universe“ weightlifters often participated at the bodybuilding competitions.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING RUINED RELATIONS.
Relations between the Socialist Countries started in 1966 when Lithuanians organized first International contest in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). These relations were ruined when in 1973 the prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist Countries was announced. Everybody was afraid to be punished. The “U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Committee “ («Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.») which was set up in 1968 in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) now stopped working too. All Chairmen of the Committee left bodybuilding: Lithuanians VALERIJ KORESHKOV (Валерий Корешков) went on working as a journalist; VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис) worked in the sport medicine; Russians GENNADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин), ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров) were busy with the weightlifting sport.
Similar situation was in other Socialist Countries.
Aiming to escape the prosecution under the leadership of INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002) Estonians named the bodybuilding as a „National Kind of Sport“. The Government let them go on organizing the „Georg Tenno Memorial‘ (1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR).
Lithuanians without public and publicity were working „underground“.  In 1973 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS organized bodybuilding contest in the old Klaipeda City prison and in 1974 he also organized the fourth historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз»,  1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic). It was held in a bomb shelter.  From time to time „silent“ contests were ogranized in Kaunas too.
VOJTECH FIALA OPENS DOORS FOR CZECHOSLOVAKS.
Bodybuilders in Czechoslovakia were supported by their Government. They remembered very well the work of the American BOB HOFFMAN in the International F.I.H.C. federation. The F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). For twenty years F.I.H.C. was supported by the Governments of all Socialist Countries. The F.I.H.C. always had power exercises at their regular bodybuilding World Championships. This way the Czechoslovaks started power exercises at their National bodybuilding competitions again. After some time Czechoslovakia bodybuilders received permittion to participate at the I.F.B.B. World and Europe Championships. Bodybuilders of all Socialist World could not even dream about this. Several weeks before the International contests the National bodybuilding team of Czechoslovakia was financed by their Sport Ministry. Bodybuilders lived and trained at the National Olympic Centre in the mountains. It was evident that the sportsmen of Czechoslovakia were fare ahead of all Socialist Countries. It was only on the personal efforts of VOJTECH FIALA who was at those years the President of the National Czechoslovakia Bodybuilding Federation. VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and contacts at the Government of Czechoslovakia and also abroad in the „Western“ Countries.
This was how the bodybuilders of Czechoslovakia during the years of bodybuilding prohibition is the Socialist Countries entered the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland).
1975 I.F.B.B. EUROPE CHAMPIONSHIP RESULTS.
Category Short
1.    Kemp Nicolas (Belgium)
2.    Barange Ronald (France)
3.    Bertagna Renato (Italy)
Category Medium
1.    Stach Peter (Czechoslovakia)
2.    Annette Mederic (France)
3.    Rudman Janko (Sweden)
Category High
1.    Hedrder Billy (Holland)
2.    Prink Uwe (West Germany)
3.    Lerus Serge (France).
Over All Champion PETER STACH.
1975. DSC. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
In the Socialist times as it is today the universities of the countries exchanged the groups of students. As DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was a student of Vilnius State University (Lithuanian Republic) he managed to go to the capital of Czechoslovakia Praha in 1975.
In Praha several times DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS had meetings with the President of the Czechoslovakia National Bodybuilding Federation VOJTECH FIALA. After the 1973 bodybuilding prohibition in Socialist Countries DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was the first representative of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding who visited Czechoslovakia.
At that time VOJTECH FIALA was just after the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship where PETER STACH became the Over All I.F.B.B. Europe Champion. During the meetings of VOJTECH FIALA and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS many questions were spoken over. Among them the situation in International bodybuilding, sport positions in Czecoslovakia and in the U.S.S.R..
Note: we always speak about the Champion and always forget why and how he became the Champion. In this case it was done due to the work of VOJTECH FIALA. At that time he “opened the doors” for the Czechoslovakia bodybuilder to the “West”. There are lots of “heroes” when all goes well. But where were those “heroes” when somebody had to risk and to fight for bodybuilding?
One time  VOJTECH FIALA and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS visited Praha Rodotin where PETER STACH was living and training. In his gym PETER STACH demonstrated his training session and posed in front of the guests.
Another time VOJTECH FIALA and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS visited the Ministry of Sport of the Czechoslovakia  (Č.S.T.V., Československy Svaz Telesne Vychvy). They had a meeting with the Chairmen of the Ministry. The Headquarters of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakia were placed at the building of the Ministry of Sport. Then the general secretary of the federation was a famous bodybuilder PETER TLAPAK (1976 I.F.B.B. Europe Champion). At the Headquarters while speaking with PETER TLAPAK the bodybuilder posed and demonstrated his muscles in front of the guests.
When DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was leaving the Czechoslovakia he agreed with VOJTECH FIALA to keep the relations on. The Czechoslovakians appointed Praha bodybuilding trainer IVAN MACH to do correspondence with DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and inform the federation.
HOW MOSCOW PERMITED “AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL”.
All bodybuilders of the Socialist Countries were looking for the ways to stop prohibition of bodybuilding. But no one dared to do anything in real.
Communicating with the President of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakia VOJTECH FIALA DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS had some ideas to solve the question.
We were speaking before about the ways to escape bodybuilding prohibition in Czechoslovakia and Estonian SSR. Presenting bodybuilding as a “National Kind of Sport” Estonians were organizing the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR).
Constantly Soviet press was writing awful and bad articles about bodybuilding. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started his 5 years long lasting correspondence with the communist press and the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Gockomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.). The main “enemy” of bodybuilding was Russian weightlifter and journalist DMITRIJ IVANOV (Дмитрий Иванов) from “Sovetskij sport” («Советский спорт»).  Getting nothing positive of the correspondence and fighting for bodybuilding sport DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  wrote a long “petition”. He personally brought this petition and presented at the Offices of the Central Committee of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party (ЦК коммунистической партии СССР), the U.S.S.R. Ministry Council (Совет министров СССР), daily newspapers “Pravda” («Правда»), “Izvestija” («Известия») and “Sovetskij Sport”. All of them were informed that the “petition” was presented to all listed addresses.
No one supported DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS ideas and works. On the way to Moscow DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  visited the Ministry of Sport of the Lithuanian SSR and spoke with the Minister ZIGMAS MOTIEKAITIS (Зигмас Мотекайтис). The Minister asked DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS   no to go to Moscow. The President of the National Bodybuilding Federation of the Lithuanian SSR ROMANAS KALINAUSKAS (Романас Калинаускас) said: “I will not risk my Communist Party membership. All You do is Your own risk”.
How it was happening later we will explain in the other part of this Article. The part is named “1978 “Amber Prix International” (“Gintarinis prizas”, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic).
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
THE BACKGROUND.
UNIQUE „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
The „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022 m. , Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania) was and still is a unique happening. It needs to be studied thoroughly by the specialists of the sport history. There is no othre international contest in the World which is so much connected with the World history.
The „Amber Prix International“ is the oldest traditional competition after the N.A.B.B.A.  (National Amateur Body Building Association) „Mr. Universe“ that is held in the UK since 1950.
We will touch the folowing topics while telling stories about the „Amber Prix International“:
-       During the twenty years lasting prohibition of bodybuilding sport the „Amber Prix International“ together with the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ („Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) were the only ones regular International bodybuilding competitions in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries.
-       The possibility to organize open bodybuilding contests in other places came when in 1978 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS won the fight for bodybuilding against the Highest Communist Institutions of the U.S.S.R.
-       In 1986 during the „Amber Prix International“ in Klaipeda leaders of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding agreed about the future plans to set the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding federation and the ways how to develop bodybuilding
-       There were some records. In 1990 at the „Amber Prix International“ participated 89 teams and there were over 50 participants in each category
-       Together with the „Amber Prix International“  in 1990 and in 1991 official U.S.S.R. junior Championships were held
-       Ending the nineties of the last century the Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) named the „Amber Prix International“  as „unofficial USSR Championship“ неофициальный Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) and started presenting names of the „Sport master of the U.S.S.R.“ («Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р.») to the winners of the „Amber Prix International“
-       During the history the Chairmen of our competitions  were Prime Ministers of the Republic Lithuania, Ministers and Members of the Parliament
-       Celebrating 40 years of the  „Amber Prix International“  in 2008 the Parliament of the Republic Lithuania voted for the State financing of the „Amber Prix International“. The money was placed to the Budget of the Lithuanian Republic.
-       In 2011 the Official Meeting of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) Interantional President DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  was organized in Vatican.
Listening about “Amber Prix International” during the years of prohibition of sport in the Socialist Countries Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO evaluated efforts of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and named him as „dissident of the Communist regime“. The Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO presented the Vatican Pontific Medal (Medaglia Ufficiale di Pontificato di Sua Santita Benedetto XVI) to DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Headquarters State Vatican, Cita del Vaticano, March 29, 2011).
-       In 2015 a number of Members of Parliament Republic and Government Lithuania were present at the „Amber Prix International“. The High Quest Officials called DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS an „Embassador of the Republic Lithuania in the World“ seeing high level of competition and participating many athletes from Europe, Asia, America and Africa. 
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING RUINED RELATIONS.
Relations between the Socialist Countries started in 1966 when Lithuanians organized first International contest in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). These relations were ruined when in 1973 the prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist Countries was announced. Everybody was afraid to be punnished. The “U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Committee “ («Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.») which was set up in 1968 in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) now stopped working too. All Chairmen of the Committee left bodybuilding: Lithuanians VALERIJ KORESHKOV (Валерий Корешков) went on working as a journalist; VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис) worked in the sport medicine; Russians GENNADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин), ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров) were busy with the weightlifting sport.
Similar situation was in other Socialist Countries.
Aiming to escape the prosecution under the leadership of INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002) Estonians named the bodybuilding as a „National Kind of Sport“. The Government let them go on organizing the „Georg Tenno Memorial‘ (1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR).
Lithuanians without public and publicity were working „underground“.  In 1973 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS organized bodybuilding contest in the old Klaipeda City prison and in 1974 he also organized the fourth historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз»,  1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic). It was held in a bomb shelter.  From time to time „silent“ contests were ogranized in Kaunas too.
WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
VOJTECH FIALA OPENS DOORS FOR CZECHOSLOVAKS.
Bodybuilders in Czechoslovakia were supported by their Government. They remembered very well the work of the American BOB HOFFMAN in the International F.I.H.C. federation. The F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). For twenty years F.I.H.C. was supported by the Governments of all Socialist Countries. The F.I.H.C. always had power exercises at their regular bodybuilding World Championships. This way the Czechoslovaks started power exercises at their National bodybuilding competitions again. After some time Czechoslovakia bodybuilders received permittion to participate at the I.F.B.B. World and Europe Championships. Bodybuilders of all Socialist World could not even dream about this. Several weeks before the International contests the National bodybuilding team of Czechoslovakia was financed by their Sport Ministry. Bodybuilders lived and trained at the National Olympic Centre in the mountains. It was evident that the sportsmen of Czechoslovakia were fare ahead of all Socialist Countries. It was only on the personal efforts of VOJTECH FIALA who was at those years the President of the National Czechoslovakia Bodybuilding Federation. VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and contacts at the Government of Czechoslovakia and also abroad in the „Western“ Countries.
This was how the bodybuilders of Czechoslovakia during the years of bodybuilding prohibition is the Socialist Countries entered the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland).
1975 I.F.B.B. EUROPE CHAMPIONSHIP RESULTS.
Category Short
1.    Kemp Nicolas (Belgium)
2.    Barange Ronald (France)
3.    Bertagna Renato (Italy)
Category Medium
1.    Stach Peter (Czechoslovakia)
2.    Annette Mederic (France)
3.    Rudman Janko (Sweden)
Category High
1.    Hedrder Billy (Holland)
2.    Prink Uwe (West Germany)
3.    Lerus Serge (France).
Over All Champion PETER STACH.
1975. DSC. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
In the Socialist times as it is today the universities of the countries exchanged the groups of students. As DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was a student of Vilnius State University (Lithuanian Republic) he managed to go to the capital of Czechoslovakia Praha in 1975.
In Praha several times DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS had meetings with the President of the Čzechoslovakia National Bodybuilding Federation VOJTECH FIALA. After the 1973 bodybuilding prohibition in Socialist Countries DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was the first representative of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding who visited Czechoslovakia.
At that time VOJTECH FIALA was just after the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship where PETER STACH became the Over All I.F.B.B. Europe Champion. During the meetings of VOJTECH FIALA and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS many questions were spoken over. Among them the situation in International bodybuilding, sport positions in Czecoslovakia and in the U.S.S.R..
Note: we always speak about the Champion and always forget why and how he became the Champion. In this case it was done due to the work of VOJTECH FIALA. At that time he “opened the doors” for the Czechoslovakia bodybuilder to the “West”. There are lots of “heroes” when all goes well. But where were those “heroes” when somebody had to risk and to fight for bodybuilding?
One time  VOJTECH FIALA and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS visited Praha Rodotin where PETER STACH was living and training. In his gym PETER STACH demonstrated his training session and posed in front of the guests.
Another time VOJTECH FIALA and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS visited the Ministry of Sport of the Czechoslovakia  (Č.S.T.V., Československy Svaz Telesne Vychvy). They had a meeting with the Chairmen of the Ministry. The Headquarters of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakia were placed at the building of the Ministry of Sport. Then the general secretary of the federation was a famous bodybuilder PETER TLAPAK (1976 I.F.B.B. Europe Champion). At the Headquarters while speaking with PETER TLAPAK the bodybuilder posed and demonstrated his muscles in front of the guests.
When DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was leaving the Czechoslovakia he agreed with VOJTECH FIALA to keep the relations on. The Czechoslovakians appointed Praha bodybuilding trainer IVAN MACH to do correspondence with DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and inform the federation.
HOW MOSCOW PERMITED “AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL”.
All bodybuilders of the Socialist Countries were looking for the ways to stop prohibition of bodybuilding. But no one dared to do anything in real.
Communicating with the President of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakia VOJTECH FIALA DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS had some ideas to solve the question.
We were speaking before about the ways to escape bodybuilding prohibition in Czechoslovakia and Estonian SSR. Presenting bodybuilding as a “National Kind of Sport” Estonians were organizing the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR).
Constantly Soviet press was writing awful and bad articles about bodybuilding. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started his 5 years long lasting correspondence with the communist press and the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Gockomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.). The main “enemy” of bodybuilding was Russian weightlifter and journalist DMITRIJ IVANOV (Дмитрий Иванов) from “Sovetskij sport” («Советский спорт»).  Getting nothing positive of the correspondence and fighting for bodybuilding sport DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  wrote a long “petition”. He personally brought this petition and presented at the Offices of the Central Committee of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party (ЦК коммунистической партии СССР), the U.S.S.R. Ministry Council (Совет министров СССР), daily newspapers “Pravda” («Правда»), “Izvestija” («Известия») and “Sovetskij Sport”. All of them were informed that the “petition” was presented to all listed addresses.
No one supported DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS ideas and works. On the way to Moscow DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  visited the Ministry of Sport of the Lithuanian SSR and spoke with the Minister ZIGMAS MOTIEKAITIS (Зигмас Мотекайтис). The Minister asked DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS   no to go to Moscow. The President of the National Bodybuilding Federation of the Lithuanian SSR ROMANAS KALINAUSKAS (Романас Калинаускас) said: “I will not risk my Communist Party membership. All You do is Your own risk”.
How it was happening later we will explain in the other part of this Article. The part is named “1978 “Amber Prix International” (“Gintarinis prizas”, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022, Klaipeda, Lithuanian Republic).
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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«GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS».
WORLD BODYBUILDING ENCYCLOPEDIA.
BOOK TWO (covering time 1973-1991).
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
“GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS”.
Working on the second book of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” it came to our mind to underline the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contest. There are many reasons and among them these:
-       When bodybuilding sport in 1973 was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and Socialist Countries – the “Georg Tenno Memorial” and the “Amber Prix International” (“Gintarinis prizas”, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2002, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania, Organizer DSc. Edmundas Daubaras) were the only ones regular International competitions in the Socialist World. That was and still is a part of the World bodybuilding history.
-       The “Georg Tenno Memorial” was organized by the “Heart of Estonia Bodybuilding” INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). Since 1998 until his death he was the president of the National W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. federation.
-       In 1987 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS for several months was working in Tallinn. INNAR MARDO was ill. Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) and Estonian INDREK OTSUS (Индрек Отсус) organized the 1987 “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
-       Since the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” and „Amber Prix International“ best bodybuilders of the U.S.S.R. participated at these competitions. For them that was the only one chance to “go to another country regularly” at that time.
Step by step we will write the stories about each of the “Georg Tenno Memorial”. Also we will touch International happenings that were connected with the “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
BEGINNING. F.I.H.C. AND SOCIALIST BODYBUILDING.
The topic has been already covered in the first part of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” (“Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”, «Энциклопедия мирового культуризма»). Nevertheless we will touch several important points again.
The A.A.U. (Amateur Athletic Union) started it’s work in the nineteenth century and for long time it was as a “Sport Ministry” of the USA. American BOB HOFFMAN always was very much connected with the A.A.U. and it’s Chairmen. A department of A.A.U. weightlifting was a member of  F.I.H.C. (F.I.H., Federation Internationale Halterophile; after 1972 I.W.F., International Weightlifting Federation”). At the same time the F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). Since 1947 until 1969 F.I.H.C. ruled official World bodybuilding sport. No one other International bodybuilding organization could even try to lead the World bodybuilding. We mean structures like N.A.B.B.A. (National Amateur Body Building Association) association and at that time private I.F.B.B. (International Federation of Body Builders) company. Though the owners of the I.F.B.B. WEIDER brothers JOE and BEN everywhere copied BOB HOFFMAN’s work they had no chances to win. Behind BOB HOFFMAN was the A.A.U. and the F.I.H.C.. Today I.F.B.B. sport historians diminish the work of BOB HOFFMAN in the World’s bodybuilding development because of envy.
In 1959 the F.I.H.C. World weightlifting championship was held in Warszawa (capital of the People’s Republic of Poland). Traditionally since 1947 during every  World weightlifting championship F.I.H.C. organized the World Bodybuilding Championship (“Universe”). It was BOB HOFFMAN who first brought bodybuilding to the Socialist World. First time in the sport history in Warszawa socialist people saw bodybuilders and got really acquainted to bodybuilding. In 1959 the Over All F.I.H.C. “Mr. Universe” was French bodybuilder GUY MIERCZUK.
As F.I.H.C. was the I.O.C. member bodybuilding was understood of two parts – body presentation and physical exercises. We know from sport history that power exercises were used at the competitions in Socialist countries until ninetees of the last century. Czechoslovakia bodybuilders did it even longer.
Nobody had idea why bodybuilding competitions had power exercises. Most thought that during the prohibition of bodybuilding Socialist bodybuilders did power exercises to make negativeness of political Governments not so strong. Nobody thought that all National Weightlifting Federations were members of F.I.H.C. and I.O.C.. All respected the official status of the F.I.H.C. organization and along the weightlifting recognized bodybuilding too. This was how power exercises came and remained in bodybuilding contests so long.
Since that time bodybuilding was growing fastly in the Socialist World. But in 1973 due to political reasions Communist Governments prohibited bodybuilding. Always at the bodybuilding contests power exercises had equal value with the demonstration of the body. It was the reason that after the 1959 F.I.H.C. „Mr. Universe“ weightlifters often participated at the bodybuilding competitions.
FIRST SOCIALIST BODYBUILDING CONTESTS.
First International contest among all Socialist countries was organized in 1966 in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). Then the winners were Lithuanians RYTIS MACIJAUSKAS (Ритис Мацияускас), KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS (Клеменсас Альшаускас) and Russian IGOR PETRUCHIN (Игорь Петрухин, (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
In 1968 during the International contest in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) was established first Socialist International Bodybuilding Federation (Visuomeninis T.S.R.S. atletinės gimnastikos (kultūrizmo) komitetas“, «Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.»). The Chairmen of the organization were five persons: Lithuanians  VALERIJ KORESKOV (Валерий Корешков), VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис); Russians ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз), GENADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров).
In 1968 two International contests were organized in the Lithuanian SSR – one in Kaunas and another one was the historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania). Category winners were Lithuanians KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS, LIONGINAS DANILEVICIUS (Лёнгинас Данилявичус) and LEONAS PIVORIUNAS (Ляонас Пиворюнас). The Over All Champion was LEONAS PIVORIUNAS.
In 1971 and in 1972 two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships («Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) were organized in the Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.). In 1971 category winners were Russians:  ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов) – the first place; VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин) the second place; VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв) – the third place.
In 1972 the U.S.S.R. champions were:
-       Low Hight Category
1.    VLADIMIR LIPJAINEN (Владимир Липьянен)
2.    BORIS ZITKOV (Борис Житков)
3.    DMITRIJ CIANEV (Дмитрий Чанев), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
-       Middle Hight Category
1.    VALDAS ALIUBAVICIUS (Валдас Алюбавичус, Lithuanian SSR)
2.    SERGEJ KIZIN (Сергей Кизин, Russian Federation)
3.    ALEKSANDR NIKIFOROV (Александр Никифоров, Russian Federation).
-       Highest Category
1.    VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин)
2.    ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов)
3.    VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
Before the first „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) in 1970 the first International contest was organized in Tallinn. Also before the 1973 prohibition of bodybuilding some International competitions were held in the Czechoslovakian SR and in the Peoples Republic of Poland. 
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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WORLD BODYBUILDING FEDERATION
(W.B.B.F. - International)
WORLD FITNESS FEDERATION
(W.F.F. - International)
(W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Since 1968, 140 Country Members, 60 Annual International Events World Wide)
HISTORIC "AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL"
OVER ALL WINNERS

(1968 - 2022)
WOMEN

Year, Champion's Name, Country.
2022 SOBOLEWSKA KUCHARSKA ANNA, Poland

2021 SKYTTA HANNA, Finland
2020 SKYTTA HANNA, Finland
2019 MAZUMDER MOUMITA, India
2018 BROGGIA NERINA, Argentina
2017 HALAVEI HALINA, Cyprus
2016 TOLEDO YAMILA VANESSA, Argentina
2015 VLASOVA MARINA, Russia
2014 SOROKINA-KUKRES ALEKSANDRA, Lithuania
2013 TOLEDO YAMILA VANESSA, Argentina
2012 KOZLOVSKAJA VALENTINA, Belarus
2011 TOLEDO YAMILA VANESSA, Argentina
2010 VLASOVA VERA, Russia
2009 ISIDOROVA ALINA, Latvia
2008 TOLEDO YAMILA VANESSA, Argentina
2007 JELENA FRENKEL, Israel
2006 MILERIUTE JOLANTA, Lithuania
2005 JAKOVLEVA OLGA, Russia
2004 BORISOVA SVETLANA, Latvia
2003 PUGACHEVA SVETLANA, Russia
2002 DEGUTIENE LILIJA, Lithuania
2001 GLAGOLEVA VIKTORIA, Russia
2000 BURINSKAJA MARINA, Latvia
1999 MISEVICIENE SIMONA, Lithuania
1998 MISEVICIENE SIMONA, Lithuania
1997 MISEVICIENE SIMONA, Lithuania
1996 KAMINSKAITE IDALIJA, Lithuania
1995 KOVALKO TATJANA, Belarus
1994 KAMINSKAITE IDALIJA, Lithuania
1991 MURNIKOVIENE NATALIA, Lithuania
1990 MURNIKOVIENE NATALIA, Lithuania


MEN
Date, Name, Country
2022 VASILIJ BESPALENKO, Ukraine

2021 ARTUR KAMIENIAK, Poland
2020 MAROS KANASZ, Slovakia
2019 GOLAP RABHA,  India
2018 ALEKSANDR SACHAROV, Uzbekistan
2017 MAROS KANASZ, Slovakia
2016 JORG FUCHS, Germany
2015 AHMADI ARASH, Iran
2014 ANDREJ RUMIANCEV, Estonia
2013 ANDRZEJ BRZEZINSKI, Poland
2012 PIR SARANDIB MEHDI, Iran
2011 NAFTEJ SINGH, India
2010 DHARMENDER SINGH, India
2009 ALEKSANDR SCIOGOLEV, Russia
2008 DARIUS BUKSNAITIS, Lithuania
2007 ALEKSANDR SEVCOV, Estonia
2006 ALEXANDR LIUBOMIROV, Latvia
2005 IVAN SERGEJEV, Russia
2004 ALEKSANDR MASLOVSKIJ, Latvia
2003 AIVARS VISOCKIS, Latvia
2002 RADIK MANAFOV, Lithuania
2001 ALEKSANDR MASLOVSKIJ, Latvia
2000 RADIK MANAFOV, Lithuania
1999 DARIUS BUKSNAITIS, Lithuania
1998 RICARDAS GURSKAS, Lithuania
1997 ROLANDAS POCIUS, Lithuania
1996 ALGIRDAS KILCIAUSKAS, Lithuania
1995 SERGEJ OGORODNIKOV, Russia
1994 ALGIRDAS KILCIAUSKAS, Lithuania
1991 OLEGAS ZURAS, Lithuania
1990 OLEGAS ZURAS, Lithuania
1989 VIKTORAS JUCYS, Lithuania
1988 VIKTORAS JUCYS, Lithuania
1987 VIKTORAS JUCYS, Lithuania
1986 ROLANDAS BUCINSKAS, Lithuania
1985 ALGIRDAS IVANAUSKAS, Lithuania
1984 VINCAS DUBICKAS, Lithuania
1983 VINCAS DUBICKAS, Lithuania
1982 JEVGENIJ GORELIK, Lithuania
1981 SAULIUS MISEVICIUS, Lithuania
1980 VLADAS KAPCEVICIUS, Lithuania
1979 OLEV ANNUS, Estonia
1978 OLEV ANNUS, Estonia
1977 STASYS CUKANOVAS, Lithuania
1976 RISARDAS KRINICKIS, Lithuania
1975 RISARDAS KRINICKIS, Lithuania
1974 VYTAUTAS ZENKEVICIUS, Lithuania

1970 ANTANAS MINEIKIS, Lithuania
1969 ANTANAS MINEIKIS, Lithuania
1968 LEONAS PIVORIUNAS, Lithuania

International Secretary EDITA SENDRIENE

 
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
UNIQUE „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
The „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022 m. , Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania) was and still is a unique happening. It needs to be studied thoroughly by the specialists of the sport history. There is no othre international contest in the World which is so much connected with the World history.
The „Amber Prix International“ is the oldest traditional competition after the N.A.B.B.A.  (National Amateur Body Building Association) „Mr. Universe“ that is held in the UK since 1950.
We will touch the folowing topics while telling stories about the „Amber Prix International“:
-       During the twenty years lasting prohibition of bodybuilding sport the „Amber Prix International“ together with the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ („Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) were the only ones regular International bodybuilding competitions in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries.
-       The possibility to organize open bodybuilding contests in other places came when in 1978 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS won the fight for bodybuilding against the Highest Communist Institutions of the U.S.S.R.
-       In 1986 during the „Amber Prix International“ in Klaipeda leaders of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding agreed about the future plans to set the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding federation and the ways how to develop bodybuilding
-       There were some records. In 1990 at the „Amber Prix International“ participated 89 teams and there were over 50 participants in each category
-       Together with the „Amber Prix International“  in 1990 and in 1991 official U.S.S.R. junior Championships were held
-       Ending the nineties of the last century the Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) named the „Amber Prix International“  as „unofficial USSR Championship“ неофициальный Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) and started presenting names of the „Sport master of the U.S.S.R.“ («Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р.») to the winners of the „Amber Prix International“
-       During the history the Chairmen of our competitions  were Prime Ministers of the Republic Lithuania, Ministers and Members of the Parliament
-       Celebrating 40 years of the  „Amber Prix International“  in 2008 the Parliament of the Republic Lithuania voted for the State financing of the „Amber Prix International“. The money was placed to the Budget of the Lithuanian Republic.
-       In 2011 the Official Meeting of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) Interantional President DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  was organized in Vatican.
Listening about “Amber Prix International” during the years of prohibition of sport in the Socialist Countries Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO evaluated efforts of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and named him as „dissident of the Communist regime“. The Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO presented the Vatican Pontific Medal (Medaglia Ufficiale di Pontificato di Sua Santita Benedetto XVI) to DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Headquarters State Vatican, Cita del Vaticano, March 29, 2011).
-       In 2015 a number of Members of Parliament Republic and Government Lithuania were present at the „Amber Prix International“. The High Quest Officials called DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS an „Embassador of the Republic Lithuania in the World“ seeing high level of competition and participating many athletes from Europe, Asia, America and Africa.
BACKGROUND OF HISTORICAL 1978 „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
-       Until prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries a number of International competitions were held.
-       There were two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships (1971, 1972, Russian Federation, R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.); two „Georg Tenno Memorials“ („Georg Tenno Memorial“, «Мемориал Георга Тенно»,  1971, 1972, Tallinn, Estonian SSR); three „Amber Prix International“ (1968, 1969, 1970, “Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR) and contests in Lithuanian Vilnius and Kaunas.
-       In 1973 bodybuilding prohibition started. Estonians led by INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо) managed to prove their Government that bodybuilding is „a National Kind of Sport“. Czechoslovakia SSR bodybuilders were led by the President of the National Federation VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала). VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and had hidden bodybuilding behind the power exercises. This gave possibilities for Estonians and Czechoslovaks to go on organizing contests.
-       In 1973 and in 1975 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was not organized. In 1971, 1972, 1973 „Amber Prix International“ was not organized too. In 1974 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) organized „Amber Prix International“ in a nuclear bomb shelter. Folowing Czechoslovaks 1975, 1976 „Amber Prix International“ was hidden behind the power exercises too. Similar situation was in other cities of the Lithuanian SSR. Without any publicity and without spectators in 1976 International contest was held in Kaunas. In 1977 International contest was held in a gym of Kedainiai.
-       In 1976 Russians organized International contest in Kalinin (Калинин, Р.С.Ф.С.Р., now Tver). The contest was prohibited and it was done underground in a small city gym.
-       The situation was awful and bodybuilders needed to change it anyway. In 1975 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with main U.S.S.R. newspapers, Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.). It lasted four years. Finally to fight for defending bodybuilding DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS wrote a petition. He personally brought the petition to Moscow and presented to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. (Центральный Комитет Коммунистической партии С.С.С.Р.) and the Ministry Council of the U.S.S.R. (Совет Министров С.С.С.Р.). All bodybuilding organizers were afraid to support DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and he did it alone on his own risk to be later prosecuted. The full story we will present soon.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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«GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS».
WORLD BODYBUILDING ENCYCLOPEDIA.
BOOK TWO (covering time 1973-1991).
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
“GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS”.
Working on the second book of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” it came to our mind to underline the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contest. There are many reasons and among them these:
-       When bodybuilding sport in 1973 was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and Socialist Countries – the “Georg Tenno Memorial” and the “Amber Prix International” (“Gintarinis prizas”, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2002, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania, Organizer DSc. Edmundas Daubaras) were the only ones regular International competitions in the Socialist World. That was and still is a part of the World bodybuilding history.
-       The “Georg Tenno Memorial” was organized by the “Heart of Estonia Bodybuilding” INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). Since 1998 until his death he was the president of the National W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. federation.
-       In 1987 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS for several months was working in Tallinn. INNAR MARDO was ill. Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) and Estonian INDREK OTSUS (Индрек Отсус) organized the 1987 “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
-       Since the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” and „Amber Prix International“ best bodybuilders of the U.S.S.R. participated at these competitions. For them that was the only one chance to “go to another country regularly” at that time.
Step by step we will write the stories about each of the “Georg Tenno Memorial”. Also we will touch International happenings that were connected with the “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
BEGINNING. F.I.H.C. AND SOCIALIST BODYBUILDING.
The topic has been already covered in the first part of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” (“Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”, «Энциклопедия мирового культуризма»). Nevertheless we will touch several important points again.
The A.A.U. (Amateur Athletic Union) started it’s work in the nineteenth century and for long time it was as a “Sport Ministry” of the USA. American BOB HOFFMAN always was very much connected with the A.A.U. and it’s Chairmen. A department of A.A.U. weightlifting was a member of  F.I.H.C. (F.I.H., Federation Internationale Halterophile; after 1972 I.W.F., International Weightlifting Federation”). At the same time the F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). Since 1947 until 1969 F.I.H.C. ruled official World bodybuilding sport. No one other International bodybuilding organization could even try to lead the World bodybuilding. We mean structures like N.A.B.B.A. (National Amateur Body Building Association) association and at that time private I.F.B.B. (International Federation of Body Builders) company. Though the owners of the I.F.B.B. WEIDER brothers JOE and BEN everywhere copied BOB HOFFMAN’s work they had no chances to win. Behind BOB HOFFMAN was the A.A.U. and the F.I.H.C.. Today I.F.B.B. sport historians diminish the work of BOB HOFFMAN in the World’s bodybuilding development because of envy.
In 1959 the F.I.H.C. World weightlifting championship was held in Warszawa (capital of the People’s Republic of Poland). Traditionally since 1947 during every  World weightlifting championship F.I.H.C. organized the World Bodybuilding Championship (“Universe”). It was BOB HOFFMAN who first brought bodybuilding to the Socialist World. First time in the sport history in Warszawa socialist people saw bodybuilders and got really acquainted to bodybuilding. In 1959 the Over All F.I.H.C. “Mr. Universe” was French bodybuilder GUY MIERCZUK.
As F.I.H.C. was the I.O.C. member bodybuilding was understood of two parts – body presentation and physical exercises. We know from sport history that power exercises were used at the competitions in Socialist countries until ninetees of the last century. Czechoslovakia bodybuilders did it even longer.
Nobody had idea why bodybuilding competitions had power exercises. Most thought that during the prohibition of bodybuilding Socialist bodybuilders did power exercises to make negativeness of political Governments not so strong. Nobody thought that all National Weightlifting Federations were members of F.I.H.C. and I.O.C.. All respected the official status of the F.I.H.C. organization and along the weightlifting recognized bodybuilding too. This was how power exercises came and remained in bodybuilding contests so long.
Since that time bodybuilding was growing fastly in the Socialist World. But in 1973 due to political reasions Communist Governments prohibited bodybuilding. Always at the bodybuilding contests power exercises had equal value with the demonstration of the body. It was the reason that after the 1959 F.I.H.C. „Mr. Universe“ weightlifters often participated at the bodybuilding competitions.
FIRST SOCIALIST BODYBUILDING CONTESTS.
First International contest among all Socialist countries was organized in 1966 in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). Then the winners were Lithuanians RYTIS MACIJAUSKAS (Ритис Мацияускас), KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS (Клеменсас Альшаускас) and Russian IGOR PETRUCHIN (Игорь Петрухин, (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
In 1968 during the International contest in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) was established first Socialist International Bodybuilding Federation (Visuomeninis T.S.R.S. atletinės gimnastikos (kultūrizmo) komitetas“, «Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.»). The Chairmen of the organization were five persons: Lithuanians  VALERIJ KORESKOV (Валерий Корешков), VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис); Russians ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз), GENADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров).
In 1968 two International contests were organized in the Lithuanian SSR – one in Kaunas and another one was the historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania). Category winners were Lithuanians KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS, LIONGINAS DANILEVICIUS (Лёнгинас Данилявичус) and LEONAS PIVORIUNAS (Ляонас Пиворюнас). The Over All Champion was LEONAS PIVORIUNAS.
In 1971 and in 1972 two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships («Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) were organized in the Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.). In 1971 category winners were Russians:  ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов) – the first place; VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин) the second place; VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв) – the third place.
In 1972 the U.S.S.R. champions were:
-       Low Hight Category
1.    VLADIMIR LIPJAINEN (Владимир Липьянен)
2.    BORIS ZITKOV (Борис Житков)
3.    DMITRIJ CIANEV (Дмитрий Чанев), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
-       Middle Hight Category
1.    VALDAS ALIUBAVICIUS (Валдас Алюбавичус, Lithuanian SSR)
2.    SERGEJ KIZIN (Сергей Кизин, Russian Federation)
3.    ALEKSANDR NIKIFOROV (Александр Никифоров, Russian Federation).
-       Highest Category
1.    VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин)
2.    ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов)
3.    VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
Before the first „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) in 1970 the first International contest was organized in Tallinn. Also before the 1973 prohibition of bodybuilding some International competitions were held in the Czechoslovakian SR and in the Peoples Republic of Poland.
1970. INTERNATIONAL CONTEST IN ESTONIA.
At the end of sixties of the last century among all Socialist countries International contests were held in Lithuanian SSR only. First Socialist International contest was held in 1966 in Vilnius. In 1968 International contests were organized Peoples Republic of Poland (first time) and in the Lithuanian Kaunas and Klaipeda. In Klaipeda it was the historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023). Both in Kaunas and in Klaipeda the Over All Champion was LEONAS PIVORIUNAS (Ляонас Пиворюнас). LEONAS PIVORIUNAS was representing the famous „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“Вильнюсская школа культуризма») that was led by talanted CELSLAV TAMULEVIC (Чеслав Тамулевич).
Bodybuilders of the Estonian SSR followed Lithuanians. In 1970 they organized International contest in Tallinn just before the first „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989). Twenty six athletes from Russian Federation (R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.), Lithuanian SSR and Estonian SSR took part at the event.
In Junior categories winners were Lithuanians HENRIKAS BIKINAS (Генрикас Бикинас) and ALBINAS MAGELINSKAS (Альбинас Магелинскас). Main categories were won by Russians VLADIMIR LIPJAINEN (Владимир Липьяйнен), IVAN FREGATOV (Иван Фрегатов) and Estonian ARVO MERE (Арво Мере). At that time a famous heavyweight Russian bodybuilder VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин) lost to ARVO MERE, who was the over All Champion of the contest too.  
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
UNIQUE „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
The „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022 m. , Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania) was and still is a unique happening. It needs to be studied thoroughly by the specialists of the sport history. There is no othre international contest in the World which is so much connected with the World history.
The „Amber Prix International“ is the oldest traditional competition after the N.A.B.B.A.  (National Amateur Body Building Association) „Mr. Universe“ that is held in the UK since 1950.
We will touch the folowing topics while telling stories about the „Amber Prix International“:
-       During the twenty years lasting prohibition of bodybuilding sport the „Amber Prix International“ together with the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ („Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) were the only ones regular International bodybuilding competitions in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries.
-       The possibility to organize open bodybuilding contests in other places came when in 1978 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS won the fight for bodybuilding against the Highest Communist Institutions of the U.S.S.R.
-       In 1986 during the „Amber Prix International“ in Klaipeda leaders of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding agreed about the future plans to set the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding federation and the ways how to develop bodybuilding
-       There were some records. In 1990 at the „Amber Prix International“ participated 89 teams and there were over 50 participants in each category
-       Together with the „Amber Prix International“  in 1990 and in 1991 official U.S.S.R. junior Championships were held
-       Ending the nineties of the last century the Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) named the „Amber Prix International“  as „unofficial USSR Championship“ неофициальный Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) and started presenting names of the „Sport master of the U.S.S.R.“ («Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р.») to the winners of the „Amber Prix International“
-       During the history the Chairmen of our competitions  were Prime Ministers of the Republic Lithuania, Ministers and Members of the Parliament
-       Celebrating 40 years of the  „Amber Prix International“  in 2008 the Parliament of the Republic Lithuania voted for the State financing of the „Amber Prix International“. The money was placed to the Budget of the Lithuanian Republic.
-       In 2011 the Official Meeting of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) Interantional President DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  was organized in Vatican.
Listening about “Amber Prix International” during the years of prohibition of sport in the Socialist Countries Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO evaluated efforts of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and named him as „dissident of the Communist regime“. The Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO presented the Vatican Pontific Medal (Medaglia Ufficiale di Pontificato di Sua Santita Benedetto XVI) to DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Headquarters State Vatican, Cita del Vaticano, March 29, 2011).
-       In 2015 a number of Members of Parliament Republic and Government Lithuania were present at the „Amber Prix International“. The High Quest Officials called DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS an „Embassador of the Republic Lithuania in the World“ seeing high level of competition and participating many athletes from Europe, Asia, America and Africa.
BACKGROUND OF HISTORICAL 1978 „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
Until prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries a number of International competitions were held.
There were two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships (1971, 1972, Russian Federation, R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.); two „Georg Tenno Memorials“ („Georg Tenno Memorial“, «Мемориал Георга Тенно»,  1971, 1972, Tallinn, Estonian SSR); three „Amber Prix International“ (1968, 1969, 1970, “Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR) and contests in Lithuanian Vilnius and Kaunas.
In 1973 bodybuilding prohibition started. Estonians led by INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо) managed to prove their Government that bodybuilding is „a National Kind of Sport“. Czechoslovakia SSR bodybuilders were led by the President of the National Federation VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала). VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and had hidden bodybuilding behind the power exercises. This gave possibilities for Estonians and Czechoslovaks to go on organizing contests.
In 1973 and in 1975 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was not organized. In 1971, 1972, 1973 „Amber Prix International“ was not organized too. In 1973 just after bodybuilding was prohibited DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) without any publicity organized „underground“ bodybuilding contest in Klaipeda prizon. In 1974 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  organized „Amber Prix International“ in a nuclear bomb shelter. Folowing Czechoslovaks 1975, 1976 „Amber Prix International“ was hidden behind the power exercises too. Similar situation was in other cities of the Lithuanian SSR. Without any publicity and without spectators in 1976 International contest was held in Kaunas. In 1977 International contest was held in a gym of Kedainiai.
In 1976 Russians organized International contest in Kalinin (Калинин, Р.С.Ф.С.Р., now Tver). The contest was prohibited and it was done underground in a small city gym.
The situation was awful and bodybuilders needed to change it anyway. In 1975 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with main U.S.S.R. newspapers, Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.). It lasted four years. Finally to fight for defending bodybuilding DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS wrote a petition. He personally brought the petition to Moscow and presented to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. (Центральный Комитет Коммунистической партии С.С.С.Р.) and the Ministry Council of the U.S.S.R. (Совет Министров С.С.С.Р.). All bodybuilding organizers were afraid to support DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and he did it alone on his own risk to be later prosecuted.
RESISTANCE AGAINST PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING.
Main reason to prohibit bodybuilding sport was that it came from the „Western“ countries. This way it was against the „Communist morality“. In 1975 having no support of any bodybuilding organizers in fighting with the bodybuilding prohibition in the Socialist World DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) went his own way. He was under big impression after return fron the Czechoslovakian SSR where he met local bodybuilders. Universities of the Socialist countries used to exchang students for summer time and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS lucky was among them.
The U.S.S.R. press used to publish negative articles on bodybuilding after the 1973 political bodybuilding prohibition. Most often it was the U.S.S.R. main sport newspaper „Sovietskij Sport“ («Советский спорт») and the main writer was a former weightlifter journalist DMITRIJ IVANOV (Дмитрий Иванов). Ten years ago when bodybuilding started in the U.S.S.R. DMITRIJ IVANOV used to write „good“ positive articles about bodybuilding but now he worked according the political situation. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS addressed the Chairman of the Office of „Sovietskij Sport“ and asked contacts of  DMITRIJ IVANOV. Then the mutual corespondence started. Copies of the letters DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS used to send to the U.S.S.R. Scientific Institute of the Research of the Phisycal Culture (V.N.I.I.F.K., В.Н.И.И.Ф.К., Всесоюзный научно исследовательский институт физической культуры). At that time the Institute worked on the theoretical basis of bodybuilding. During a number of years the Institute managed to find only the Socialist name of bodybuilding and it was „Athletic Gymnastics“ (атлетическая гимнастика). DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS did everything in a „polite manner“.
The situation of bodybuilding in the Estonian SSR and in the Czechoslovakian SSR was a good example to seek and follow. Under the leadership of INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002) Estonians managed to prove their Government that bodybuilding id a „National Kind of Sport“. Basing on since 1959 traditions of F.I.H.C. in Socialist countries Czechoslovaks for many years had hidden the essence of bodybuilding behind the power exercises. 
As we mentioned above the Universities of the Socialist countries used to Exchange their students. This way DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS came to Czechoslovakian SSR in 1975. Then he had a number of meetings with VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала) who was the President of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR. Bodybuilders of Czechoslovakia were on top at the I.F.B.B. at that time and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS learned many things of that.
The Headquarters of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR was placed in Prague in the building of the Ministry of Sport (Č.S.T.V., Československy Svaz Telesne Vychovi). VOJTECH FIALA introduced DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to the Chairman of the Ministry and to the secretary of the federation PETER TLAPAK (Петер Тлапак) . In 1976 PETER TLAPAK won the I.F.B.B. Europe Championship.
One day VOJTECH FIALA organized a trip of  DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to the suburb of Praha to PETER STACH (Петер Стах). PETER STACH won the Over All Champion‘s title of the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship. He presented to the guest his training methods and posing abilities.
Invited by Czechoslovaks in 1977 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  two times visited Czechoslovakian SSR again. VOJTECH FIALA organized his trip to the mountains where National Olympic Centre (Национальный Олимпийский Центр) was placed. Financed by the Government in this Centre Czechoslovakia National Bodybuilding Team was preparing to the coming International competitions. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS met bodybuilders and their trainers and inspected the Centre.
At the same time bodybuilding organized professor FRANTISEK BULVA (Франтишек Бульва) organized two meetings of the Council of National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR in Brno City. Under the recomemdation of VOJTECH FIALA  DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS took part at these meetings. Then he spoke about the real situation in the U.S.S.R. and learned the „Czechoslovak way“. Also the possiblity to organize contest between U.S.S.R. and Czechoslovakian SSR bodybuilders was spoken over.
Time was running. Nothing was better. Situation was the same after the 1973 prohibition of bodybuilding. Basing of the orders of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) local Governments followed them. Bodybuilders were prosecuted as any other criminals. Gyms were closed. Bodybuilders had problems at their working places. Who dared to risk to organize competitions?
Most bodybuilding organizers left sport. First U.S.S.R. International Bodybuilding Organization (Committee) that was organized in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) in 1968 diminished. For example VLADIMIR DUBININ (Leningrad, R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.) left bodybuilding for thirteen years. Nearly everybody was afraid to do anything. Everybody but not all. Few enthuziasts went on organizing contests. Contests were „underground“ and without public and without any publicity. As it was before all bodybuilding competitions were according in 1959 accepted F.I.H.C. rules – posing was done together with power exercises.
The „underground“ bodybuilders got one more strict order of the U.S.S.R. Minitry of Sport  (Комитет по физической культуре и спорту при Совете Министров С.С.С.Р.) in 1977. It seemed that there is no more way out of this…
The full story we will present soon.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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«GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS».
WORLD BODYBUILDING ENCYCLOPEDIA.
BOOK TWO (covering time 1973-1991).
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
“GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS”.
Working on the second book of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” it came to our mind to underline the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contest. There are many reasons and among them these:
-       When bodybuilding sport in 1973 was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and Socialist Countries – the “Georg Tenno Memorial” and the “Amber Prix International” (“Gintarinis prizas”, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2002, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania, Organizer DSc. Edmundas Daubaras) were the only ones regular International competitions in the Socialist World. That was and still is a part of the World bodybuilding history.
-       The “Georg Tenno Memorial” was organized by the “Heart of Estonia Bodybuilding” INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). Since 1998 until his death he was the president of the National W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. federation.
-       In 1987 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS for several months was working in Tallinn. INNAR MARDO was ill. Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) and Estonian INDREK OTSUS (Индрек Отсус) organized the 1987 “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
-       Since the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” and „Amber Prix International“ best bodybuilders of the U.S.S.R. participated at these competitions. For them that was the only one chance to “go to another country regularly” at that time.
Step by step we will write the stories about each of the “Georg Tenno Memorial”. Also we will touch International happenings that were connected with the “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
BEGINNING. F.I.H.C. AND SOCIALIST BODYBUILDING.
The topic has been already covered in the first part of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” (“Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”, «Энциклопедия мирового культуризма»). Nevertheless we will touch several important points again.
The A.A.U. (Amateur Athletic Union) started it’s work in the nineteenth century and for long time it was as a “Sport Ministry” of the USA. American BOB HOFFMAN always was very much connected with the A.A.U. and it’s Chairmen. A department of A.A.U. weightlifting was a member of  F.I.H.C. (F.I.H., Federation Internationale Halterophile; after 1972 I.W.F., International Weightlifting Federation”). At the same time the F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). Since 1947 until 1969 F.I.H.C. ruled official World bodybuilding sport. No one other International bodybuilding organization could even try to lead the World bodybuilding. We mean structures like N.A.B.B.A. (National Amateur Body Building Association) association and at that time private I.F.B.B. (International Federation of Body Builders) company. Though the owners of the I.F.B.B. WEIDER brothers JOE and BEN everywhere copied BOB HOFFMAN’s work they had no chances to win. Behind BOB HOFFMAN was the A.A.U. and the F.I.H.C.. Today I.F.B.B. sport historians diminish the work of BOB HOFFMAN in the World’s bodybuilding development because of envy.
In 1959 the F.I.H.C. World weightlifting championship was held in Warszawa (capital of the People’s Republic of Poland). Traditionally since 1947 during every  World weightlifting championship F.I.H.C. organized the World Bodybuilding Championship (“Universe”). It was BOB HOFFMAN who first brought bodybuilding to the Socialist World. First time in the sport history in Warszawa socialist people saw bodybuilders and got really acquainted to bodybuilding. In 1959 the Over All F.I.H.C. “Mr. Universe” was French bodybuilder GUY MIERCZUK.
As F.I.H.C. was the I.O.C. member bodybuilding was understood of two parts – body presentation and physical exercises. We know from sport history that power exercises were used at the competitions in Socialist countries until ninetees of the last century. Czechoslovakia bodybuilders did it even longer.
Nobody had idea why bodybuilding competitions had power exercises. Most thought that during the prohibition of bodybuilding Socialist bodybuilders did power exercises to make negativeness of political Governments not so strong. Nobody thought that all National Weightlifting Federations were members of F.I.H.C. and I.O.C.. All respected the official status of the F.I.H.C. organization and along the weightlifting recognized bodybuilding too. This was how power exercises came and remained in bodybuilding contests so long.
Since that time bodybuilding was growing fastly in the Socialist World. But in 1973 due to political reasions Communist Governments prohibited bodybuilding. Always at the bodybuilding contests power exercises had equal value with the demonstration of the body. It was the reason that after the 1959 F.I.H.C. „Mr. Universe“ weightlifters often participated at the bodybuilding competitions.
FIRST SOCIALIST BODYBUILDING CONTESTS.
First International contest among all Socialist countries was organized in 1966 in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). Then the winners were Lithuanians RYTIS MACIJAUSKAS (Ритис Мацияускас), KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS (Клеменсас Альшаускас) and Russian IGOR PETRUCHIN (Игорь Петрухин, (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
In 1968 during the International contest in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) was established first Socialist International Bodybuilding Federation (Visuomeninis T.S.R.S. atletinės gimnastikos (kultūrizmo) komitetas“, «Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.»). The Chairmen of the organization were five persons: Lithuanians  VALERIJ KORESKOV (Валерий Корешков), VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис); Russians ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз), GENADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров).
In 1968 two International contests were organized in the Lithuanian SSR – one in Kaunas and another one was the historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania). Category winners were Lithuanians KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS, LIONGINAS DANILEVICIUS (Лёнгинас Данилявичус) and LEONAS PIVORIUNAS (Ляонас Пиворюнас). The Over All Champion was LEONAS PIVORIUNAS.
In 1971 and in 1972 two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships («Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) were organized in the Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.). In 1971 category winners were Russians:  ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов) – the first place; VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин) the second place; VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв) – the third place.
In 1972 the U.S.S.R. champions were:
-       Low Hight Category
1.    VLADIMIR LIPJAINEN (Владимир Липьянен)
2.    BORIS ZITKOV (Борис Житков)
3.    DMITRIJ CIANEV (Дмитрий Чанев), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
-       Middle Hight Category
1.    VALDAS ALIUBAVICIUS (Валдас Алюбавичус, Lithuanian SSR)
2.    SERGEJ KIZIN (Сергей Кизин, Russian Federation)
3.    ALEKSANDR NIKIFOROV (Александр Никифоров, Russian Federation).
-       Highest Category
1.    VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин)
2.    ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов)
3.    VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
Before the first „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) in 1970 the first International contest was organized in Tallinn. Also before the 1973 prohibition of bodybuilding some International competitions were held in the Czechoslovakian SR and in the Peoples Republic of Poland.
1970. INTERNATIONAL CONTEST IN ESTONIA.
At the end of sixties of the last century among all Socialist countries International contests were held in Lithuanian SSR only. First Socialist International contest was held in 1966 in Vilnius. In 1968 International contests were organized Peoples Republic of Poland (first time) and in the Lithuanian Kaunas and Klaipeda. In Klaipeda it was the historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023). Both in Kaunas and in Klaipeda the Over All Champion was LEONAS PIVORIUNAS (Ляонас Пиворюнас). LEONAS PIVORIUNAS was representing the famous „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“Вильнюсская школа культуризма») that was led by talanted CELSLAV TAMULEVIC (Чеслав Тамулевич).
Bodybuilders of the Estonian SSR followed Lithuanians. In 1970 they organized International contest in Tallinn just before the first „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989). Twenty six athletes from Russian Federation (R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.), Lithuanian SSR and Estonian SSR took part at the event.
In Junior categories winners were Lithuanians HENRIKAS BIKINAS (Генрикас Бикинас) and ALBINAS MAGELINSKAS (Альбинас Магелинскас). Main categories were won by Russians VLADIMIR LIPJAINEN (Владимир Липьяйнен), IVAN FREGATOV (Иван Фрегатов) and Estonian ARVO MERE (Арво Мере). At that time a famous heavyweight Russian bodybuilder VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин) lost to ARVO MERE, who was the over All Champion of the contest too.  
1971. FIRST “GEORG TENNO MEMORIAL”.
This article is based on the documents that were given to the International President W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) by INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). INNAR MARDO used to be called “the Soul of Estonia Bodybuilding”). He was the organizer of the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contests, President of the National Federation of Bodybuilding of the Estonian SSR, President of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Estonian Republic, one of the organizers of the 2001 W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe Championship in Tallinn.
Bodybuilders of four countries participated at the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” – the R.S.F.S.R. (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.), the Estonian SSR, the Lithuanian SSR and the Latvian SSR. The competition was of two parts – posing and power exercises. This system was in all Socialist countries since 1959 F.I.H.C. World Championship (“Mr. Universe”) that was held in Waszawa (People’s Republic of Poland).
Results of the 1971 “Georg Tenno Memorial”:
Junior categories
First hight category
1.    Daugela Kazys, Lithuanian SSR
2.    Vandys Valentinas, Lithuanian SSR
3.    Zvjagin Viktor, (Виктор Звягин), Estonian SSR
Second hight category
1.    Aliubavicius Valdas, Lithuanian SSR
2.    Valge Aare, Estonian SSR
3.    Civilis Paulius, Lithuanian SSR
Main age categories
First hight category
1.    Zitkov Vladimir, (Житков Владимир), R.S.F.S.R.
2.    Kurgpold Ulo, Estonian SSR
3.    Sajkovskij Feliks, (Феликс Сайковский), Latvian SSR
Second hight category
1.    Charkevic Viktor, (Виктор Харкевич), Lithuanian SSR
2.    Smotsujev Valentin, (Валентин Смоцуев), R.S.F.S.R.
3.    Kuzmenko Andrej, (Андрей Кузьменко), R.S.F.S.R.
Third hight category
1.    Dubinin Vladimir, (Владимир Дубинин), R.S.F.S.R.
2.    Lemechov Aleksandr, (Александр Лемехов), R.S.F.S.R.
3.    Chomuliov Vladimir, (Владимир Хомулёв), R.S.F.S.R..
The Over All Winners were:
Juniors – VALDAS ALIUBAVICIUS, main categories – VLADIMIR DUBININ.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
UNIQUE „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
The „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022 m. , Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania) was and still is a unique happening. It needs to be studied thoroughly by the specialists of the sport history. There is no othre international contest in the World which is so much connected with the World history.
The „Amber Prix International“ is the oldest traditional competition after the N.A.B.B.A.  (National Amateur Body Building Association) „Mr. Universe“ that is held in the UK since 1950.
We will touch the folowing topics while telling stories about the „Amber Prix International“:
-       During the twenty years lasting prohibition of bodybuilding sport the „Amber Prix International“ together with the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ („Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) were the only ones regular International bodybuilding competitions in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries.
-       The possibility to organize open bodybuilding contests in other places came when in 1978 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS won the fight for bodybuilding against the Highest Communist Institutions of the U.S.S.R.
-       In 1986 during the „Amber Prix International“ in Klaipeda leaders of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding agreed about the future plans to set the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding federation and the ways how to develop bodybuilding
-       There were some records. In 1990 at the „Amber Prix International“ participated 89 teams and there were over 50 participants in each category
-       Together with the „Amber Prix International“  in 1990 and in 1991 official U.S.S.R. junior Championships were held
-       Ending the nineties of the last century the Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) named the „Amber Prix International“  as „unofficial USSR Championship“ неофициальный Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) and started presenting names of the „Sport master of the U.S.S.R.“ («Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р.») to the winners of the „Amber Prix International“
-       During the history the Chairmen of our competitions  were Prime Ministers of the Republic Lithuania, Ministers and Members of the Parliament
-       Celebrating 40 years of the  „Amber Prix International“  in 2008 the Parliament of the Republic Lithuania voted for the State financing of the „Amber Prix International“. The money was placed to the Budget of the Lithuanian Republic.
-       In 2011 the Official Meeting of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) Interantional President DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  was organized in Vatican.
Listening about “Amber Prix International” during the years of prohibition of sport in the Socialist Countries Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO evaluated efforts of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and named him as „dissident of the Communist regime“. The Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO presented the Vatican Pontific Medal (Medaglia Ufficiale di Pontificato di Sua Santita Benedetto XVI) to DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Headquarters State Vatican, Cita del Vaticano, March 29, 2011).
-       In 2015 a number of Members of Parliament Republic and Government Lithuania were present at the „Amber Prix International“. The High Quest Officials called DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS an „Embassador of the Republic Lithuania in the World“ seeing high level of competition and participating many athletes from Europe, Asia, America and Africa.
BACKGROUND OF HISTORICAL 1978 „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
Until prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries a number of International competitions were held.
There were two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships (1971, 1972, Russian Federation, R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.); two „Georg Tenno Memorials“ („Georg Tenno Memorial“, «Мемориал Георга Тенно»,  1971, 1972, Tallinn, Estonian SSR); three „Amber Prix International“ (1968, 1969, 1970, “Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR) and contests in Lithuanian Vilnius and Kaunas.
In 1973 bodybuilding prohibition started. Estonians led by INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо) managed to prove their Government that bodybuilding is „a National Kind of Sport“. Czechoslovakia SSR bodybuilders were led by the President of the National Federation VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала). VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and had hidden bodybuilding behind the power exercises. This gave possibilities for Estonians and Czechoslovaks to go on organizing contests.
In 1973 and in 1975 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was not organized. In 1971, 1972, 1973 „Amber Prix International“ was not organized too. In 1973 just after bodybuilding was prohibited DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) without any publicity organized „underground“ bodybuilding contest in Klaipeda prizon. In 1974 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  organized „Amber Prix International“ in a nuclear bomb shelter. Folowing Czechoslovaks 1975, 1976 „Amber Prix International“ was hidden behind the power exercises too. Similar situation was in other cities of the Lithuanian SSR. Without any publicity and without spectators in 1976 International contest was held in Kaunas. In 1977 International contest was held in a gym of Kedainiai.
In 1976 Russians organized International contest in Kalinin (Калинин, Р.С.Ф.С.Р., now Tver). The contest was prohibited and it was done underground in a small city gym.
The situation was awful and bodybuilders needed to change it anyway. In 1975 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with main U.S.S.R. newspapers, Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.). It lasted four years. Finally to fight for defending bodybuilding DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS wrote a petition. He personally brought the petition to Moscow and presented to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. (Центральный Комитет Коммунистической партии С.С.С.Р.) and the Ministry Council of the U.S.S.R. (Совет Министров С.С.С.Р.). All bodybuilding organizers were afraid to support DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and he did it alone on his own risk to be later prosecuted.
RESISTANCE AGAINST PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING.
Main reason to prohibit bodybuilding sport was that it came from the „Western“ countries. This way it was against the „Communist morality“. In 1975 having no support of any bodybuilding organizers in fighting with the bodybuilding prohibition in the Socialist World DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) went his own way. He was under big impression after return fron the Czechoslovakian SSR where he met local bodybuilders. Universities of the Socialist countries used to exchang students for summer time and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS lucky was among them.
The U.S.S.R. press used to publish negative articles on bodybuilding after the 1973 political bodybuilding prohibition. Most often it was the U.S.S.R. main sport newspaper „Sovietskij Sport“ («Советский спорт») and the main writer was a former weightlifter journalist DMITRIJ IVANOV (Дмитрий Иванов). Ten years ago when bodybuilding started in the U.S.S.R. DMITRIJ IVANOV used to write „good“ positive articles about bodybuilding but now he worked according the political situation. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS addressed the Chairman of the Office of „Sovietskij Sport“ and asked contacts of  DMITRIJ IVANOV. Then the mutual corespondence started. Copies of the letters DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS used to send to the U.S.S.R. Scientific Institute of the Research of the Phisycal Culture (V.N.I.I.F.K., В.Н.И.И.Ф.К., Всесоюзный научно исследовательский институт физической культуры). At that time the Institute worked on the theoretical basis of bodybuilding. During a number of years the Institute managed to find only the Socialist name of bodybuilding and it was „Athletic Gymnastics“ (атлетическая гимнастика). DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS did everything in a „polite manner“.
The situation of bodybuilding in the Estonian SSR and in the Czechoslovakian SSR was a good example to seek and follow. Under the leadership of INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002) Estonians managed to prove their Government that bodybuilding id a „National Kind of Sport“. Basing on since 1959 traditions of F.I.H.C. in Socialist countries Czechoslovaks for many years had hidden the essence of bodybuilding behind the power exercises. 
As we mentioned above the Universities of the Socialist countries used to Exchange their students. This way DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS came to Czechoslovakian SSR in 1975. Then he had a number of meetings with VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала) who was the President of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR. Bodybuilders of Czechoslovakia were on top at the I.F.B.B. at that time and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS learned many things of that.
The Headquarters of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR was placed in Prague in the building of the Ministry of Sport (Č.S.T.V., Československy Svaz Telesne Vychovi). VOJTECH FIALA introduced DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to the Chairman of the Ministry and to the secretary of the federation PETER TLAPAK (Петер Тлапак) . In 1976 PETER TLAPAK won the I.F.B.B. Europe Championship.
One day VOJTECH FIALA organized a trip of  DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to the suburb of Praha to PETER STACH (Петер Стах). PETER STACH won the Over All Champion‘s title of the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship. He presented to the guest his training methods and posing abilities.
Invited by Czechoslovaks in 1977 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  two times visited Czechoslovakian SSR again. VOJTECH FIALA organized his trip to the mountains where National Olympic Centre (Национальный Олимпийский Центр) was placed. Financed by the Government in this Centre Czechoslovakia National Bodybuilding Team was preparing to the coming International competitions. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS met bodybuilders and their trainers and inspected the Centre.
At the same time bodybuilding organized professor FRANTISEK BULVA (Франтишек Бульва) organized two meetings of the Council of National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR in Brno City. Under the recomemdation of VOJTECH FIALA  DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS took part at these meetings. Then he spoke about the real situation in the U.S.S.R. and learned the „Czechoslovak way“. Also the possiblity to organize contest between U.S.S.R. and Czechoslovakian SSR bodybuilders was spoken over.
Time was running. Nothing was better. Situation was the same after the 1973 prohibition of bodybuilding. Basing of the orders of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) local Governments followed them. Bodybuilders were prosecuted as any other criminals. Gyms were closed. Bodybuilders had problems at their working places. Who dared to risk to organize competitions?
Most bodybuilding organizers left sport. First U.S.S.R. International Bodybuilding Organization (Committee) that was organized in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) in 1968 diminished. For example VLADIMIR DUBININ (Leningrad, R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.) left bodybuilding for thirteen years. Nearly everybody was afraid to do anything. Everybody but not all. Few enthuziasts went on organizing contests. Contests were „underground“ and without public and without any publicity. As it was before all bodybuilding competitions were according in 1959 accepted F.I.H.C. rules – posing was done together with power exercises.
The „underground“ bodybuilders got one more strict order of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport  (Комитет по физической культуре и спорту при Совете Министров С.С.С.Р.) in 1977. It seemed that there is no more way out of this…
BACKGROUND OF DSC. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS PETITION.
1973 bodybuilding prohibition was the reason that many U.S.S.R. bodybuilding organizers, trainers and athletes left the sport. Among those who still were in activities nobody supported intentions of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to fight to stop bodybuilding prohibition. All were afraid to go against the regime. So called „Secretary of the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation“ Lithuanian ROMANAS KALINAUSKAS (Романас Калинаускас) said to DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS: „all You do is Your own risk and Your own intentions. For this reason I will not risk my Communist Party membership. If something will go bad – I will say that I even did not know about these Your works“.
DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was led by the ideas of the Czechoslovakian bodybuilders and their Leader VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала). „If they can train and make competitions during the bodybuilding prohibition, why we can not? We need to find out the way“.
As we mentioned above, the main author of negatyve articles about bodybuilding was a former Russian (R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.) weightlifter journalist DMITRIJ IVANOV  (Дмитрий Иванов). DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS wanted to know who is behind him. DMITRIJ IVANOW always based his articles on the 1973 -01-24 order of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) to prohibit bodybuilding.
Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with DMITRIJ IVANOV. Unfortunately the new strict order to prohibit bodybuilding of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport appeared on December 5, 1977. The order No. 1229 was issued by the U.S.S.R. Minister of Sport Mr. PAVLOV (Председатель комитета по физической культуре и спорту при Совете Министров С.С.С.Р. С.П.ПАВЛОВ). The order said that nevertheless of the 1973 order to prohibit bodybuilding the sport still was alive. In a number of places bodybuilders trained underground and even organized competitions. The Minister wanted to controll them. He ordered to go on prohibiting training in gyms and organizing competitons. The Minister told the U.S.S.R. Scientific Institute of the Research of the Phisycal Culture (V.N.I.I.F.K., В.Н.И.И.Ф.К., Всесоюзный научно исследовательский институт физической культуры) to develop training methodics for bodybuilders. The methodics should be according the requirements of the Ministry. To control how the new order is fulfilled the Minister appointed his assistant Mr. IVANOV (Главное управление физического воспитания населения) pirmininkas L.V.IVANOVAS (Л.В.Иванов).
Just after the order of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport the same orders were issued in the Ministries of the Socialist Republics. In 1977 Ministry of Sport of the Lithuanian SSR (Lietuvos TSR sporto komitetas prie Lietuvos TSR Ministrų Tarybos) issued the same order to prohibit bodybuilding and to prosecute the bodybuilders. The order was signed by the Deputy Minister ALGIMANTAS KUKSTA (Альгимантас Кукшта).
Then to stop bodybuilding prohibition DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport direct. To discuss the matter he asked the Ministry to arrange a meeting with bodybuilding organizers. Dsc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS received the answer to his letter from the Deputy Minister of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport Mr.IVONIN (Заместитель председателя министерства спорта С.С.С.Р. В.А.ИВОНИН). The answer of the Deputy Minister was negative. For DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was left the only one way – to address the „bosses“ of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport. That were the Central Committee of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party  (Центральный Комитет Коммунистической партии С.С.С.Р.) and the U.S.S.R. Ministry Council (Совет Министров С.С.С.Р.).
The full story we will present soon.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
UNIQUE „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
The „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022 m. , Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania) was and still is a unique happening. It needs to be studied thoroughly by the specialists of the sport history. There is no othre international contest in the World which is so much connected with the World history.
The „Amber Prix International“ is the oldest traditional competition after the N.A.B.B.A.  (National Amateur Body Building Association) „Mr. Universe“ that is held in the UK since 1950.
We will touch the folowing topics while telling stories about the „Amber Prix International“:
-       During the twenty years lasting prohibition of bodybuilding sport the „Amber Prix International“ together with the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ („Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) were the only ones regular International bodybuilding competitions in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries.
-       The possibility to organize open bodybuilding contests in other places came when in 1978 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS won the fight for bodybuilding against the Highest Communist Institutions of the U.S.S.R.
-       In 1986 during the „Amber Prix International“ in Klaipeda leaders of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding agreed about the future plans to set the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding federation and the ways how to develop bodybuilding
-       There were some records. In 1990 at the „Amber Prix International“ participated 89 teams and there were over 50 participants in each category
-       Together with the „Amber Prix International“  in 1990 and in 1991 official U.S.S.R. junior Championships were held
-       Ending the nineties of the last century the Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) named the „Amber Prix International“  as „unofficial USSR Championship“ неофициальный Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) and started presenting names of the „Sport master of the U.S.S.R.“ («Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р.») to the winners of the „Amber Prix International“
-       During the history the Chairmen of our competitions  were Prime Ministers of the Republic Lithuania, Ministers and Members of the Parliament
-       Celebrating 40 years of the  „Amber Prix International“  in 2008 the Parliament of the Republic Lithuania voted for the State financing of the „Amber Prix International“. The money was placed to the Budget of the Lithuanian Republic.
-       In 2011 the Official Meeting of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) Interantional President DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  was organized in Vatican.
Listening about “Amber Prix International” during the years of prohibition of sport in the Socialist Countries Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO evaluated efforts of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and named him as „dissident of the Communist regime“. The Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO presented the Vatican Pontific Medal (Medaglia Ufficiale di Pontificato di Sua Santita Benedetto XVI) to DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Headquarters State Vatican, Cita del Vaticano, March 29, 2011).
-       In 2015 a number of Members of Parliament Republic and Government Lithuania were present at the „Amber Prix International“. The High Quest Officials called DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS an „Embassador of the Republic Lithuania in the World“ seeing high level of competition and participating many athletes from Europe, Asia, America and Africa.
BACKGROUND OF HISTORICAL 1978 „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
Until prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries a number of International competitions were held.
There were two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships (1971, 1972, Russian Federation, R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.); two „Georg Tenno Memorials“ („Georg Tenno Memorial“, «Мемориал Георга Тенно»,  1971, 1972, Tallinn, Estonian SSR); three „Amber Prix International“ (1968, 1969, 1970, “Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR) and contests in Lithuanian Vilnius and Kaunas.
In 1973 bodybuilding prohibition started. Estonians led by INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо) managed to prove their Government that bodybuilding is „a National Kind of Sport“. Czechoslovakia SSR bodybuilders were led by the President of the National Federation VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала). VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and had hidden bodybuilding behind the power exercises. This gave possibilities for Estonians and Czechoslovaks to go on organizing contests.
In 1973 and in 1975 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was not organized. In 1971, 1972, 1973 „Amber Prix International“ was not organized too. In 1973 just after bodybuilding was prohibited DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) without any publicity organized „underground“ bodybuilding contest in Klaipeda prizon. In 1974 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  organized „Amber Prix International“ in a nuclear bomb shelter. Folowing Czechoslovaks 1975, 1976 „Amber Prix International“ was hidden behind the power exercises too. Similar situation was in other cities of the Lithuanian SSR. Without any publicity and without spectators in 1976 International contest was held in Kaunas. In 1977 International contest was held in a gym of Kedainiai.
In 1976 Russians organized International contest in Kalinin (Калинин, Р.С.Ф.С.Р., now Tver). The contest was prohibited and it was done underground in a small city gym.
The situation was awful and bodybuilders needed to change it anyway. In 1975 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with main U.S.S.R. newspapers, Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.). It lasted four years. Finally to fight for defending bodybuilding DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS wrote a petition. He personally brought the petition to Moscow and presented to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. (Центральный Комитет Коммунистической партии С.С.С.Р.) and the Ministry Council of the U.S.S.R. (Совет Министров С.С.С.Р.). All bodybuilding organizers were afraid to support DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and he did it alone on his own risk to be later prosecuted.
RESISTANCE AGAINST PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING.
Main reason to prohibit bodybuilding sport was that it came from the „Western“ countries. This way it was against the „Communist morality“. In 1975 having no support of any bodybuilding organizers in fighting with the bodybuilding prohibition in the Socialist World DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) went his own way. He was under big impression after return fron the Czechoslovakian SSR where he met local bodybuilders. Universities of the Socialist countries used to exchang students for summer time and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS lucky was among them.
The U.S.S.R. press used to publish negative articles on bodybuilding after the 1973 political bodybuilding prohibition. Most often it was the U.S.S.R. main sport newspaper „Sovietskij Sport“ («Советский спорт») and the main writer was a former weightlifter journalist DMITRIJ IVANOV (Дмитрий Иванов). Ten years ago when bodybuilding started in the U.S.S.R. DMITRIJ IVANOV used to write „good“ positive articles about bodybuilding but now he worked according the political situation. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS addressed the Chairman of the Office of „Sovietskij Sport“ and asked contacts of  DMITRIJ IVANOV. Then the mutual corespondence started. Copies of the letters DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS used to send to the U.S.S.R. Scientific Institute of the Research of the Phisycal Culture (V.N.I.I.F.K., В.Н.И.И.Ф.К., Всесоюзный научно исследовательский институт физической культуры). At that time the Institute worked on the theoretical basis of bodybuilding. During a number of years the Institute managed to find only the Socialist name of bodybuilding and it was „Athletic Gymnastics“ (атлетическая гимнастика). DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS did everything in a „polite manner“.
The situation of bodybuilding in the Estonian SSR and in the Czechoslovakian SSR was a good example to seek and follow. Under the leadership of INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002) Estonians managed to prove their Government that bodybuilding id a „National Kind of Sport“. Basing on since 1959 traditions of F.I.H.C. in Socialist countries Czechoslovaks for many years had hidden the essence of bodybuilding behind the power exercises. 
As we mentioned above the Universities of the Socialist countries used to Exchange their students. This way DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS came to Czechoslovakian SSR in 1975. Then he had a number of meetings with VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала) who was the President of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR. Bodybuilders of Czechoslovakia were on top at the I.F.B.B. at that time and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS learned many things of that.
The Headquarters of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR was placed in Prague in the building of the Ministry of Sport (Č.S.T.V., Československy Svaz Telesne Vychovi). VOJTECH FIALA introduced DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to the Chairman of the Ministry and to the secretary of the federation PETER TLAPAK (Петер Тлапак) . In 1976 PETER TLAPAK won the I.F.B.B. Europe Championship.
One day VOJTECH FIALA organized a trip of  DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to the suburb of Praha to PETER STACH (Петер Стах). PETER STACH won the Over All Champion‘s title of the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship. He presented to the guest his training methods and posing abilities.
Invited by Czechoslovaks in 1977 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  two times visited Czechoslovakian SSR again. VOJTECH FIALA organized his trip to the mountains where National Olympic Centre (Национальный Олимпийский Центр) was placed. Financed by the Government in this Centre Czechoslovakia National Bodybuilding Team was preparing to the coming International competitions. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS met bodybuilders and their trainers and inspected the Centre.
At the same time bodybuilding organized professor FRANTISEK BULVA (Франтишек Бульва) organized two meetings of the Council of National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR in Brno City. Under the recomemdation of VOJTECH FIALA  DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS took part at these meetings. Then he spoke about the real situation in the U.S.S.R. and learned the „Czechoslovak way“. Also the possiblity to organize contest between U.S.S.R. and Czechoslovakian SSR bodybuilders was spoken over.
Time was running. Nothing was better. Situation was the same after the 1973 prohibition of bodybuilding. Basing of the orders of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) local Governments followed them. Bodybuilders were prosecuted as any other criminals. Gyms were closed. Bodybuilders had problems at their working places. Who dared to risk to organize competitions?
Most bodybuilding organizers left sport. First U.S.S.R. International Bodybuilding Organization (Committee) that was organized in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) in 1968 diminished. For example VLADIMIR DUBININ (Leningrad, R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.) left bodybuilding for thirteen years. Nearly everybody was afraid to do anything. Everybody but not all. Few enthuziasts went on organizing contests. Contests were „underground“ and without public and without any publicity. As it was before all bodybuilding competitions were according in 1959 accepted F.I.H.C. rules – posing was done together with power exercises.
The „underground“ bodybuilders got one more strict order of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport  (Комитет по физической культуре и спорту при Совете Министров С.С.С.Р.) in 1977. It seemed that there is no more way out of this…
BACKGROUND OF DSC. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS PETITION.
1973 bodybuilding prohibition was the reason that many U.S.S.R. bodybuilding organizers, trainers and athletes left the sport. Among those who still were in activities nobody supported intentions of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to fight to stop bodybuilding prohibition. All were afraid to go against the regime. So called „Secretary of the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation“ Lithuanian ROMANAS KALINAUSKAS (Романас Калинаускас) said to DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS: „all You do is Your own risk and Your own intentions. For this reason I will not risk my Communist Party membership. If something will go bad – I will say that I even did not know about these Your works“.
DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was led by the ideas of the Czechoslovakian bodybuilders and their Leader VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала). „If they can train and make competitions during the bodybuilding prohibition, why we can not? We need to find out the way“.
As we mentioned above, the main author of negatyve articles about bodybuilding was a former Russian (R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.) weightlifter journalist DMITRIJ IVANOV  (Дмитрий Иванов). DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS wanted to know who is behind him. DMITRIJ IVANOW always based his articles on the 1973 -01-24 order of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) to prohibit bodybuilding.
Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with DMITRIJ IVANOV. Unfortunately the new strict order to prohibit bodybuilding of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport appeared on December 5, 1977. The order No. 1229 was issued by the U.S.S.R. Minister of Sport Mr. PAVLOV (Председатель комитета по физической культуре и спорту при Совете Министров С.С.С.Р. С.П.ПАВЛОВ). The order said that nevertheless of the 1973 order to prohibit bodybuilding the sport still was alive. In a number of places bodybuilders trained underground and even organized competitions. The Minister wanted to controll them. He ordered to go on prohibiting training in gyms and organizing competitons. The Minister told the U.S.S.R. Scientific Institute of the Research of the Phisycal Culture (V.N.I.I.F.K., В.Н.И.И.Ф.К., Всесоюзный научно исследовательский институт физической культуры) to develop training methodics for bodybuilders. The methodics should be according the requirements of the Ministry. To control how the new order is fulfilled the Minister appointed his assistant Mr. IVANOV (Главное управление физического воспитания населения) pirmininkas L.V.IVANOVAS (Л.В.Иванов).
Just after the order of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport the same orders were issued in the Ministries of the Socialist Republics. In 1977 Ministry of Sport of the Lithuanian SSR (Lietuvos TSR sporto komitetas prie Lietuvos TSR Ministrų Tarybos) issued the same order to prohibit bodybuilding and to prosecute the bodybuilders. The order was signed by the Deputy Minister ALGIMANTAS KUKSTA (Альгимантас Кукшта).
Then to stop bodybuilding prohibition DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport direct. To discuss the matter he asked the Ministry to arrange a meeting with bodybuilding organizers. Dsc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS received the answer to his letter from the Deputy Minister of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport Mr.IVONIN (Заместитель председателя министерства спорта С.С.С.Р. В.А.ИВОНИН). The answer of the Deputy Minister was negative. For DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was left the only one way – to address the „bosses“ of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport. That were the Central Committee of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party  (Центральный Комитет Коммунистической партии С.С.С.Р.) and the U.S.S.R. Ministry Council (Совет Министров С.С.С.Р.).
The full story we will present soon.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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«GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS».
WORLD BODYBUILDING ENCYCLOPEDIA.
BOOK TWO (covering time 1973-1991).
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
“GEORG TENNO MEMORIALS”.
Working on the second book of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” it came to our mind to underline the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contest. There are many reasons and among them these:
-       When bodybuilding sport in 1973 was prohibited in the U.S.S.R. and Socialist Countries – the “Georg Tenno Memorial” and the “Amber Prix International” (“Gintarinis prizas”, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2002, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania, Organizer DSc. Edmundas Daubaras) were the only ones regular International competitions in the Socialist World. That was and still is a part of the World bodybuilding history.
-       The “Georg Tenno Memorial” was organized by the “Heart of Estonia Bodybuilding” INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). Since 1998 until his death he was the president of the National W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. federation.
-       In 1987 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS for several months was working in Tallinn. INNAR MARDO was ill. Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) and Estonian INDREK OTSUS (Индрек Отсус) organized the 1987 “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
-       Since the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” and „Amber Prix International“ best bodybuilders of the U.S.S.R. participated at these competitions. For them that was the only one chance to “go to another country regularly” at that time.
Step by step we will write the stories about each of the “Georg Tenno Memorial”. Also we will touch International happenings that were connected with the “Georg Tenno Memorial”.
BEGINNING. F.I.H.C. AND SOCIALIST BODYBUILDING.
The topic has been already covered in the first part of the “World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia” (“Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”, «Энциклопедия мирового культуризма»). Nevertheless we will touch several important points again.
The A.A.U. (Amateur Athletic Union) started it’s work in the nineteenth century and for long time it was as a “Sport Ministry” of the USA. American BOB HOFFMAN always was very much connected with the A.A.U. and it’s Chairmen. A department of A.A.U. weightlifting was a member of  F.I.H.C. (F.I.H., Federation Internationale Halterophile; after 1972 I.W.F., International Weightlifting Federation”). At the same time the F.I.H.C. was a member of the I.O.C. (International Olympic Committee). Since 1947 until 1969 F.I.H.C. ruled official World bodybuilding sport. No one other International bodybuilding organization could even try to lead the World bodybuilding. We mean structures like N.A.B.B.A. (National Amateur Body Building Association) association and at that time private I.F.B.B. (International Federation of Body Builders) company. Though the owners of the I.F.B.B. WEIDER brothers JOE and BEN everywhere copied BOB HOFFMAN’s work they had no chances to win. Behind BOB HOFFMAN was the A.A.U. and the F.I.H.C.. Today I.F.B.B. sport historians diminish the work of BOB HOFFMAN in the World’s bodybuilding development because of envy.
In 1959 the F.I.H.C. World weightlifting championship was held in Warszawa (capital of the People’s Republic of Poland). Traditionally since 1947 during every  World weightlifting championship F.I.H.C. organized the World Bodybuilding Championship (“Universe”). It was BOB HOFFMAN who first brought bodybuilding to the Socialist World. First time in the sport history in Warszawa socialist people saw bodybuilders and got really acquainted to bodybuilding. In 1959 the Over All F.I.H.C. “Mr. Universe” was French bodybuilder GUY MIERCZUK.
As F.I.H.C. was the I.O.C. member bodybuilding was understood of two parts – body presentation and physical exercises. We know from sport history that power exercises were used at the competitions in Socialist countries until ninetees of the last century. Czechoslovakia bodybuilders did it even longer.
Nobody had idea why bodybuilding competitions had power exercises. Most thought that during the prohibition of bodybuilding Socialist bodybuilders did power exercises to make negativeness of political Governments not so strong. Nobody thought that all National Weightlifting Federations were members of F.I.H.C. and I.O.C.. All respected the official status of the F.I.H.C. organization and along the weightlifting recognized bodybuilding too. This was how power exercises came and remained in bodybuilding contests so long.
Since that time bodybuilding was growing fastly in the Socialist World. But in 1973 due to political reasions Communist Governments prohibited bodybuilding. Always at the bodybuilding contests power exercises had equal value with the demonstration of the body. It was the reason that after the 1959 F.I.H.C. „Mr. Universe“ weightlifters often participated at the bodybuilding competitions.
FIRST SOCIALIST BODYBUILDING CONTESTS.
First International contest among all Socialist countries was organized in 1966 in Vilnius (Lithuanian SSR). Then the winners were Lithuanians RYTIS MACIJAUSKAS (Ритис Мацияускас), KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS (Клеменсас Альшаускас) and Russian IGOR PETRUCHIN (Игорь Петрухин, (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
In 1968 during the International contest in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) was established first Socialist International Bodybuilding Federation (Visuomeninis T.S.R.S. atletinės gimnastikos (kultūrizmo) komitetas“, «Общественный комитет по атлетической гимнастике С.С.С.Р.»). The Chairmen of the organization were five persons: Lithuanians  VALERIJ KORESKOV (Валерий Корешков), VYTAUTAS ZUMERIS (Витаутас Зумерис); Russians ROMAN MOROZ (Роман Мороз), GENADIJ BALDIN (Геннадий Балдин) and VLADIMIR PETROV (Владимир Петров).
In 1968 two International contests were organized in the Lithuanian SSR – one in Kaunas and another one was the historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023, Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania). Category winners were Lithuanians KLEMENSAS ALSAUSKAS, LIONGINAS DANILEVICIUS (Лёнгинас Данилявичус) and LEONAS PIVORIUNAS (Ляонас Пиворюнас). The Over All Champion was LEONAS PIVORIUNAS.
In 1971 and in 1972 two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships («Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) were organized in the Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.). In 1971 category winners were Russians:  ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов) – the first place; VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин) the second place; VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв) – the third place.
In 1972 the U.S.S.R. champions were:
-       Low Hight Category
1.    VLADIMIR LIPJAINEN (Владимир Липьянен)
2.    BORIS ZITKOV (Борис Житков)
3.    DMITRIJ CIANEV (Дмитрий Чанев), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
-       Middle Hight Category
1.    VALDAS ALIUBAVICIUS (Валдас Алюбавичус, Lithuanian SSR)
2.    SERGEJ KIZIN (Сергей Кизин, Russian Federation)
3.    ALEKSANDR NIKIFOROV (Александр Никифоров, Russian Federation).
-       Highest Category
1.    VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин)
2.    ALEKSANDR LEMECHOV (Александр Лемехов)
3.    VLADIMIR CHOMULIOV (Владимир Хомулёв), all from Russian Federation (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.).
Before the first „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) in 1970 the first International contest was organized in Tallinn. Also before the 1973 prohibition of bodybuilding some International competitions were held in the Czechoslovakian SR and in the Peoples Republic of Poland.
1970. INTERNATIONAL CONTEST IN ESTONIA.
At the end of sixties of the last century among all Socialist countries International contests were held in Lithuanian SSR only. First Socialist International contest was held in 1966 in Vilnius. In 1968 International contests were organized Peoples Republic of Poland (first time) and in the Lithuanian Kaunas and Klaipeda. In Klaipeda it was the historic „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2023). Both in Kaunas and in Klaipeda the Over All Champion was LEONAS PIVORIUNAS (Ляонас Пиворюнас). LEONAS PIVORIUNAS was representing the famous „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“Вильнюсская школа культуризма») that was led by talanted CELSLAV TAMULEVIC (Чеслав Тамулевич).
Bodybuilders of the Estonian SSR followed Lithuanians. In 1970 they organized International contest in Tallinn just before the first „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989). Twenty six athletes from Russian Federation (R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.), Lithuanian SSR and Estonian SSR took part at the event.
In Junior categories winners were Lithuanians HENRIKAS BIKINAS (Генрикас Бикинас) and ALBINAS MAGELINSKAS (Альбинас Магелинскас). Main categories were won by Russians VLADIMIR LIPJAINEN (Владимир Липьяйнен), IVAN FREGATOV (Иван Фрегатов) and Estonian ARVO MERE (Арво Мере). At that time a famous heavyweight Russian bodybuilder VLADIMIR DUBININ (Владимир Дубинин) lost to ARVO MERE, who was the over All Champion of the contest too.  
1971. FIRST “GEORG TENNO MEMORIAL”.
This article is based on the documents that were given to the International President W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) by INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо, 1946 – 2002). INNAR MARDO used to be called “the Soul of Estonia Bodybuilding”). He was the organizer of the “Georg Tenno Memorial” («Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) contests, President of the National Federation of Bodybuilding of the Estonian SSR, President of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Estonian Republic, one of the organizers of the 2001 W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe Championship in Tallinn.
Bodybuilders of four countries participated at the first “Georg Tenno Memorial” – the R.S.F.S.R. (Р.С.Ф.С.Р.), the Estonian SSR, the Lithuanian SSR and the Latvian SSR. The competition was of two parts – posing and power exercises. This system was in all Socialist countries since 1959 F.I.H.C. World Championship (“Mr. Universe”) that was held in Waszawa (People’s Republic of Poland).
Results of the 1971 “Georg Tenno Memorial”:
Junior categories
First hight category
1.    Daugela Kazys, Lithuanian SSR
2.    Vandys Valentinas, Lithuanian SSR
3.    Zvjagin Viktor, (Виктор Звягин), Estonian SSR
Second hight category
1.    Aliubavicius Valdas, Lithuanian SSR
2.    Valge Aare, Estonian SSR
3.    Civilis Paulius, Lithuanian SSR
Main age categories
First hight category
1.    Zitkov Vladimir, (Житков Владимир), R.S.F.S.R.
2.    Kurgpold Ulo, Estonian SSR
3.    Sajkovskij Feliks, (Феликс Сайковский), Latvian SSR
Second hight category
1.    Charkevic Viktor, (Виктор Харкевич), Lithuanian SSR
2.    Smotsujev Valentin, (Валентин Смоцуев), R.S.F.S.R.
3.    Kuzmenko Andrej, (Андрей Кузьменко), R.S.F.S.R.
Third hight category
1.    Dubinin Vladimir, (Владимир Дубинин), R.S.F.S.R.
2.    Lemechov Aleksandr, (Александр Лемехов), R.S.F.S.R.
3.    Chomuliov Vladimir, (Владимир Хомулёв), R.S.F.S.R..
The Over All Winners were:
Juniors – VALDAS ALIUBAVICIUS, main categories – VLADIMIR DUBININ.
1972 „GEORG TENNO MEMORIAL“.
34 bodybuilders from Latvian SSR, Estonian SSR, R.S.F.S.R., Lithuanian SSR and Ukrainian SSR participated in 1972 at the second „Georg Tenno Memorial“ («Мемориал Георга Тенно»).
Final Results
Juniors
First Hight Category
1.    GORELIK EUGENE (Евгений Горелик, Jevgenijus Gorelikas), Lithuanian SSR
2.    GALKAUSKAS SIGITAS, Lithuanian SSR
3.    KIRSIPUU PEEP, Estonian SSR
Second Hight Category
1.    ALIUBAVICIUS VALDAS, Lithuanian SSR
2.    BRAZDZIUNAS GEDIMINAS, Lithuanian SSR
3.    CHARIN ALEKSANDR (Александр Харин), Lithuanian SSR.
At the fifth place was Estonian OLEV ANNUS.
Main Categories
First hight Category
1.    GRIEZE JULIUS, Lithuanian SSR
2.    KURGPOLD ULO, Estonian SSR
3.    MURAUSKAS ALGIS, Lithuanian SSR
Second Hight Category
1.    KRINICKIS RICARDAS (Ричард Криницкий), Lithuanian SSR
2.    SUSLENKOV VLADIMIR (Владимир Сусленков), R.S.F.S.R.
3.    NIKIFOROV ALEKSANDR (Александр Никифоров), R.S.F.S.R.
Third Hight Category
1.    DUBININ VLADIMIR (Владимир Дубинин), R.S.F.S.R.
2.    LEMECHOV ALEKSANDR (Александр Лемехов), R.S.F.S.R.
3.    ZURCEV EUGENE (Zurcevas Jevgenijus, Евгений Журцев), Lithuanian SSR.
All first places in the categories were taken by the representatives of the famous „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“Вильнюсская школа культуризма»). Only VLADIMIR DUBININ from Russia was an exception. The same result was also in 1974 at the third „Georg Tenno Memorial“. Chairmen of the „Vilnius Bodybuilding School“ were CESLAV TAMULEVICH (Чеслав Тамулевич) and VITALIJ ASOVSKIJ (Виталий Асовский).
The 1972 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ Over All Champions were:
Juniors – VALDAS ALIUBAVICIUS
Main Categories – VLADIMIR DUBININ.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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2023. WORLD BODYBUILDING HISTORY.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
Today the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation)  International unites 140 Country – Members and organizes nearly 60 annual Amateur and Professional International Events World Wide. Looking from the juridical point of view the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International is no doubt the Real World Bodybuilding Leader.
Crowning it‘s 56 years of  International Bodybuilding activities, the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F.  works on the Unique Global International Bodybuilding Project -  the „World Bodybuilding  Encyclopedia“ («Энциклопедия всемирного культуризма», “Pasaulio kultūrizmo enciklopedija”).
Part One of the Encyclopedia covering period since ancient times to 1973 is finished. Now we are working on the Second Book covering period of time since 1973 until 1991.
ONLY THREE CONTESTS HAD HISTORIC STRATEGIC VALUE.
There are many various level competitions around us and the value to the World‘s sport of every one is different. Through the time today working on the „World Bodybuilding Encyclopedia“ we can clearly see what really every competition means to our sport. During the eighties of the last Century only three contests played great historic role to the Socialist Bodybuilding and to the World‘s Bodybuilding as well. The World was divided politically and the Bodybuilding Sport was prohibited in the Socialist Countries.  It was a big risk for everybody to be connected with this sport. This means that always we look upon the same things from the different point of view. Today we can underline that only three events were extremely important for the further development of bodybuilding:
- 1974 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ (1971 – 1989, «Мемориал Георга Тенно», Tallinn, Estonian SSR, organized Innar Mardo, Иннар Мардо)
1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship (Amsterdam, Holland. VOJTECH FIALA from Czechoslovakia had broken the „Iron Wall“ and first time in sport‘s history PETER STACH won the Europe Champion‘s title)
- 1978 „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, „Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR, organized by DSc. Edmundas Daubaras, Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) opened the new page of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding.
We will speak about each of the mentioned events and explain the essence. Only due to these competitions our sport looks as it looks now.
UNIQUE „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
The „Amber Prix International“ („Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», 1968 – 2022 m. , Klaipeda, Republic Lithuania) was and still is a unique happening. It needs to be studied thoroughly by the specialists of the sport history. There is no othre international contest in the World which is so much connected with the World history.
The „Amber Prix International“ is the oldest traditional competition after the N.A.B.B.A.  (National Amateur Body Building Association) „Mr. Universe“ that is held in the UK since 1950.
We will touch the folowing topics while telling stories about the „Amber Prix International“:
-       During the twenty years lasting prohibition of bodybuilding sport the „Amber Prix International“ together with the „Georg Tenno Memorial“ („Мемориал Георга Тенно», 1971 – 1989, Tallinn, Estonian SSR) were the only ones regular International bodybuilding competitions in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries.
-       The possibility to organize open bodybuilding contests in other places came when in 1978 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS won the fight for bodybuilding against the Highest Communist Institutions of the U.S.S.R.
-       In 1986 during the „Amber Prix International“ in Klaipeda leaders of the U.S.S.R. bodybuilding agreed about the future plans to set the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding federation and the ways how to develop bodybuilding
-       There were some records. In 1990 at the „Amber Prix International“ participated 89 teams and there were over 50 participants in each category
-       Together with the „Amber Prix International“  in 1990 and in 1991 official U.S.S.R. junior Championships were held
-       Ending the nineties of the last century the Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) named the „Amber Prix International“  as „unofficial USSR Championship“ неофициальный Чемпионат С.С.С.Р.) and started presenting names of the „Sport master of the U.S.S.R.“ («Мастер спорта С.С.С.Р.») to the winners of the „Amber Prix International“
-       During the history the Chairmen of our competitions  were Prime Ministers of the Republic Lithuania, Ministers and Members of the Parliament
-       Celebrating 40 years of the  „Amber Prix International“  in 2008 the Parliament of the Republic Lithuania voted for the State financing of the „Amber Prix International“. The money was placed to the Budget of the Lithuanian Republic.
-       In 2011 the Official Meeting of the W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. (World Fitness Federation, World Body Building Federation) Interantional President DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  was organized in Vatican.
Listening about “Amber Prix International” during the years of prohibition of sport in the Socialist Countries Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO evaluated efforts of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and named him as „dissident of the Communist regime“. The Vatican Congregat Perfect J. Em. JOZEF KARDINAL TOMKO presented the Vatican Pontific Medal (Medaglia Ufficiale di Pontificato di Sua Santita Benedetto XVI) to DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Headquarters State Vatican, Cita del Vaticano, March 29, 2011).
-       In 2015 a number of Members of Parliament Republic and Government Lithuania were present at the „Amber Prix International“. The High Quest Officials called DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS an „Embassador of the Republic Lithuania in the World“ seeing high level of competition and participating many athletes from Europe, Asia, America and Africa.
BACKGROUND OF HISTORICAL 1978 „AMBER PRIX INTERNATIONAL“.
Until prohibition of bodybuilding in the U.S.S.R. and all Socialist countries a number of International competitions were held.
There were two U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Championships (1971, 1972, Russian Federation, R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.); two „Georg Tenno Memorials“ („Georg Tenno Memorial“, «Мемориал Георга Тенно»,  1971, 1972, Tallinn, Estonian SSR); three „Amber Prix International“ (1968, 1969, 1970, “Gintarinis prizas“, «Янтарный приз», Klaipeda, Lithuanian SSR) and contests in Lithuanian Vilnius and Kaunas.
In 1973 bodybuilding prohibition started. Estonians led by INNAR MARDO (Иннар Мардо) managed to prove their Government that bodybuilding is „a National Kind of Sport“. Czechoslovakia SSR bodybuilders were led by the President of the National Federation VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала). VOJTECH FIALA used his personal power and had hidden bodybuilding behind the power exercises. This gave possibilities for Estonians and Czechoslovaks to go on organizing contests.
In 1973 and in 1975 „Georg Tenno Memorial“ was not organized. In 1971, 1972, 1973 „Amber Prix International“ was not organized too. In 1973 just after bodybuilding was prohibited DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) without any publicity organized „underground“ bodybuilding contest in Klaipeda prizon. In 1974 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  organized „Amber Prix International“ in a nuclear bomb shelter. Folowing Czechoslovaks 1975, 1976 „Amber Prix International“ was hidden behind the power exercises too. Similar situation was in other cities of the Lithuanian SSR. Without any publicity and without spectators in 1976 International contest was held in Kaunas. In 1977 International contest was held in a gym of Kedainiai.
In 1976 Russians organized International contest in Kalinin (Калинин, Р.С.Ф.С.Р., now Tver). The contest was prohibited and it was done underground in a small city gym.
The situation was awful and bodybuilders needed to change it anyway. In 1975 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with main U.S.S.R. newspapers, Ministry of Sport of the U.S.S.R. (Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.). It lasted four years. Finally to fight for defending bodybuilding DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS wrote a petition. He personally brought the petition to Moscow and presented to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R. (Центральный Комитет Коммунистической партии С.С.С.Р.) and the Ministry Council of the U.S.S.R. (Совет Министров С.С.С.Р.). All bodybuilding organizers were afraid to support DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS and he did it alone on his own risk to be later prosecuted.
RESISTANCE AGAINST PROHIBITION OF BODYBUILDING.
Main reason to prohibit bodybuilding sport was that it came from the „Western“ countries. This way it was against the „Communist morality“. In 1975 having no support of any bodybuilding organizers in fighting with the bodybuilding prohibition in the Socialist World DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) went his own way. He was under big impression after return fron the Czechoslovakian SSR where he met local bodybuilders. Universities of the Socialist countries used to exchang students for summer time and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS lucky was among them.
The U.S.S.R. press used to publish negative articles on bodybuilding after the 1973 political bodybuilding prohibition. Most often it was the U.S.S.R. main sport newspaper „Sovietskij Sport“ («Советский спорт») and the main writer was a former weightlifter journalist DMITRIJ IVANOV (Дмитрий Иванов). Ten years ago when bodybuilding started in the U.S.S.R. DMITRIJ IVANOV used to write „good“ positive articles about bodybuilding but now he worked according the political situation. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS addressed the Chairman of the Office of „Sovietskij Sport“ and asked contacts of  DMITRIJ IVANOV. Then the mutual corespondence started. Copies of the letters DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS used to send to the U.S.S.R. Scientific Institute of the Research of the Phisycal Culture (V.N.I.I.F.K., В.Н.И.И.Ф.К., Всесоюзный научно исследовательский институт физической культуры). At that time the Institute worked on the theoretical basis of bodybuilding. During a number of years the Institute managed to find only the Socialist name of bodybuilding and it was „Athletic Gymnastics“ (атлетическая гимнастика). DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS did everything in a „polite manner“.
The situation of bodybuilding in the Estonian SSR and in the Czechoslovakian SSR was a good example to seek and follow. Under the leadership of INNAR MARDO (1946 – 2002) Estonians managed to prove their Government that bodybuilding id a „National Kind of Sport“. Basing on since 1959 traditions of F.I.H.C. in Socialist countries Czechoslovaks for many years had hidden the essence of bodybuilding behind the power exercises. 
As we mentioned above the Universities of the Socialist countries used to Exchange their students. This way DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS came to Czechoslovakian SSR in 1975. Then he had a number of meetings with VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала) who was the President of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR. Bodybuilders of Czechoslovakia were on top at the I.F.B.B. at that time and DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS learned many things of that.
The Headquarters of the National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR was placed in Prague in the building of the Ministry of Sport (Č.S.T.V., Československy Svaz Telesne Vychovi). VOJTECH FIALA introduced DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to the Chairman of the Ministry and to the secretary of the federation PETER TLAPAK (Петер Тлапак) . In 1976 PETER TLAPAK won the I.F.B.B. Europe Championship.
One day VOJTECH FIALA organized a trip of  DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to the suburb of Praha to PETER STACH (Петер Стах). PETER STACH won the Over All Champion‘s title of the 1975 I.F.B.B. Europe Championship. He presented to the guest his training methods and posing abilities.
Invited by Czechoslovaks in 1977 DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS  two times visited Czechoslovakian SSR again. VOJTECH FIALA organized his trip to the mountains where National Olympic Centre (Национальный Олимпийский Центр) was placed. Financed by the Government in this Centre Czechoslovakia National Bodybuilding Team was preparing to the coming International competitions. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS met bodybuilders and their trainers and inspected the Centre.
At the same time bodybuilding organized professor FRANTISEK BULVA (Франтишек Бульва) organized two meetings of the Council of National Bodybuilding Federation of Czechoslovakian SSR in Brno City. Under the recomemdation of VOJTECH FIALA  DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS took part at these meetings. Then he spoke about the real situation in the U.S.S.R. and learned the „Czechoslovak way“. Also the possiblity to organize contest between U.S.S.R. and Czechoslovakian SSR bodybuilders was spoken over.
Time was running. Nothing was better. Situation was the same after the 1973 prohibition of bodybuilding. Basing of the orders of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) local Governments followed them. Bodybuilders were prosecuted as any other criminals. Gyms were closed. Bodybuilders had problems at their working places. Who dared to risk to organize competitions?
Most bodybuilding organizers left sport. First U.S.S.R. International Bodybuilding Organization (Committee) that was organized in Kaunas (Lithuanian SSR) in 1968 diminished. For example VLADIMIR DUBININ (Leningrad, R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.) left bodybuilding for thirteen years. Nearly everybody was afraid to do anything. Everybody but not all. Few enthuziasts went on organizing contests. Contests were „underground“ and without public and without any publicity. As it was before all bodybuilding competitions were according in 1959 accepted F.I.H.C. rules – posing was done together with power exercises.
The „underground“ bodybuilders got one more strict order of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport  (Комитет по физической культуре и спорту при Совете Министров С.С.С.Р.) in 1977. It seemed that there is no more way out of this…
BACKGROUND OF DSC. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS PETITION.
1973 bodybuilding prohibition was the reason that many U.S.S.R. bodybuilding organizers, trainers and athletes left the sport. Among those who still were in activities nobody supported intentions of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to fight to stop bodybuilding prohibition. All were afraid to go against the regime. So called „Secretary of the U.S.S.R. Bodybuilding Federation“ Lithuanian ROMANAS KALINAUSKAS (Романас Калинаускас) said to DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS: „all You do is Your own risk and Your own intentions. For this reason I will not risk my Communist Party membership. If something will go bad – I will say that I even did not know about these Your works“.
DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was led by the ideas of the Czechoslovakian bodybuilders and their Leader VOJTECH FIALA (Войтех Фиала). „If they can train and make competitions during the bodybuilding prohibition, why we can not? We need to find out the way“.
As we mentioned above, the main author of negatyve articles about bodybuilding was a former Russian (R.S.F.S.R., Р.С.Ф.С.Р.) weightlifter journalist DMITRIJ IVANOV  (Дмитрий Иванов). DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS wanted to know who is behind him. DMITRIJ IVANOW always based his articles on the 1973 -01-24 order of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport (U.S.S.R. Goskomsport, Госкомспорт С.С.С.Р.) to prohibit bodybuilding.
Then DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with DMITRIJ IVANOV. Unfortunately the new strict order to prohibit bodybuilding of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport appeared on December 5, 1977. The order No. 1229 was issued by the U.S.S.R. Minister of Sport Mr. PAVLOV (Председатель комитета по физической культуре и спорту при Совете Министров С.С.С.Р. С.П.ПАВЛОВ). The order said that nevertheless of the 1973 order to prohibit bodybuilding the sport still was alive. In a number of places bodybuilders trained underground and even organized competitions. The Minister wanted to controll them. He ordered to go on prohibiting training in gyms and organizing competitons. The Minister told the U.S.S.R. Scientific Institute of the Research of the Phisycal Culture (V.N.I.I.F.K., В.Н.И.И.Ф.К., Всесоюзный научно исследовательский институт физической культуры) to develop training methodics for bodybuilders. The methodics should be according the requirements of the Ministry. To control how the new order is fulfilled the Minister appointed his assistant Mr. IVANOV (Главное управление физического воспитания населения) pirmininkas L.V.IVANOVAS (Л.В.Иванов).
Just after the order of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport the same orders were issued in the Ministries of the Socialist Republics. In 1977 Ministry of Sport of the Lithuanian SSR (Lietuvos TSR sporto komitetas prie Lietuvos TSR Ministrų Tarybos) issued the same order to prohibit bodybuilding and to prosecute the bodybuilders. The order was signed by the Deputy Minister ALGIMANTAS KUKSTA (Альгимантас Кукшта).
Then to stop bodybuilding prohibition DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS started correspondence with the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport direct. To discuss the matter he asked the Ministry to arrange a meeting with bodybuilding organizers. Dsc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS received the answer to his letter from the Deputy Minister of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport Mr.IVONIN (Заместитель председателя министерства спорта С.С.С.Р. В.А.ИВОНИН). The answer of the Deputy Minister was negative. For DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS was left the only one way – to address the „bosses“ of the U.S.S.R. Ministry of Sport. That were the Central Committee of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party  (Центральный Комитет Коммунистической партии С.С.С.Р.) and the U.S.S.R. Ministry Council (Совет Министров С.С.С.Р.).
DSC. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS VISITED MINISTER OF SPORT.
After evaluating the risks DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS (Др. Эдмундас Даубарас) decided to go to Moscow.
Before going to Moscow DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS found the possibility to visit Minister of Sport of the Lithuanian SSR (Lietuvos TSR Kūno kultūros ir sporto komiteto prie Lietuvos TSR Ministrų Tarybos pirmininkas) Mr. ZIGMAS MOTIEKAITIS (Зигмас Мотекайтис, 1936).
At the meeting DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS spoke about his planned visit to  the Central Committee of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party  (Центральный Комитет Коммунистической партии С.С.С.Р.) and to the U.S.S.R. Ministry Council (Совет Министров С.С.С.Р.). Also both spoke about the petition of DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS to fight against bodybuilding prohibition. DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS spoke to the Minister about the easy situation for bodybuilding in the Czechoslovakia SSR and Estonian SSR (Чехословацкая ССР и Эстонская ССР). The Minister was stable – the order of the U.S.S.R. Minister of Sport to prohibit bodybuilding  is above everything.
The Minister advised DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS not to go to Moscow and not to present his petition to defend bodybuilding sport. Mr. ZIGMAS MOTIEKAITIS was sure ther after this DSc. EDMUNDAS DAUBARAS will be punnished.
The full story we will present soon.
INFORMATION.
More detailed information on the Global International Site www.wff.lt, see forum topics. Also information available on the Facebook pages: W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. International, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. North America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. South America, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Europe, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Africa, W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Asia Continental Federation, International Sport University (I.S.U., www.isuniversity.lt), W.F.F. – W.B.B.F. Pro Division, W.P.S.F. World Power Sports Federation.


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